Syllabus of LPUNEST (PG-Regular)

Section 1: Architecture and Design Visual composition in 2D and 3D

Principles of Art and Architecture: Organization of space, Architectural Graphics.

Computer Graphics: concepts of CAD, BIM, 3D modeling and Architectural rendition, Programming languages and automation

Anthropometrics: Planning and design considerations for different building types.

Site planning: Circulation- horizontal and vertical, Barrier free design, Space Standards, Building Codes - National Building Code.

History of architecture: Elements, construction, architectural styles and examples of different periods of Indian and Western History of Architecture, Oriental, Vernacular and Traditional architecture, Architectural developments since Industrial Revolution, Influence of modern art on architecture, Art nouveau, Eclecticism, International styles, Post Modernism, Deconstruction in architecture, Recent trends in Contemporary Architecture, Works of renowned national and international architects.

Section 2: Environmental Planning and Design

Ecosystem: natural and man-made ecosystem.

Ecological principles: Concepts of Environmental Impact Analysis.

Environmental considerations in planning and design: Thermal comfort, ventilation and air movement, Principles of lighting and illumination.

Climate responsive design: Solar architecture, Principles of architectural acoustics.

Green Building- Concepts and Rating: ECBC, Building Performance Simulation and Evaluation.

Environmental pollution: types, causes, controls and abatement strategies.

Section 3: Urban Design

Concepts and theories of urban design: Public Perception, Townscape, Public Realm, Urban design interventions for sustainable development and transportation.

Historical and modern examples of urban design: Public spaces, character, spatial qualities and Sense of Place.

Elements of urban built environment: urban form, spaces, structure, pattern, fabric, texture, grain etc.

Principles, tools and techniques of urban design: Urban renewal and conservation, Site planning, Landscape design.

Development controls: FAR, densities and building byelaws.

Section 4: Urban Planning and Housing

Planning process and its types.

Types of plans: Master Plan, City Development Plan, Structure Plan, Zonal Plan, Action Area Plan, Town Planning Scheme, Regional Plan.

Salient concepts, theories and principles of urban planning: Sustainable urban development.

Emerging concepts of cities: Eco-City, Smart City, Transit Oriented Development (TOD), SEZ, SRZ etc.

Housing, Concepts, principles and examples of neighborhood: Housing typologies, Slums, Affordable Housing, Housing for special areas and needs, Residential densities, Standards for housing and community facilities, National Housing Policies, Programs and Schemes.

Section 5: Planning Techniques and Management

Tools and techniques of Surveys: Physical, Topographical, Landuse and Socioeconomic Surveys.

Methods of non-spatial and spatial data analysis: Graphic presentation of spatial data, Application of G.I.S and Remote Sensing techniques in urban and regional planning, Decision support system and Land Information System.

Urban Economics: Law of demand and supply of land and its use in planning, Social, Economical and environmental cost benefit analysis, Techniques of financial appraisal.

Management of Infrastructure Projects: Development guidelines such as URDPFI.

Planning Legislation and implementation: Land Acquisition Act, PPP etc, Local self-governance.

Section 6: Services, Infrastructure and Transportation Building Services

Types of services: Water supply, Sewerage and drainage systems, Sanitary fittings and fixtures, Plumbing systems, Principles of internal and external drainage system.

Principles of electrification of buildings: Intelligent Buildings, Elevators and Escalators - standards and uses, Air-Conditioning systems, Firefighting Systems, Building Safety and Security systems.

Urban Infrastructure: Transportation, Water Supply, Sewerage, Drainage, Solid Waste Management, Electricity and Communications. Process and Principles of Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering, Road capacity, Traffic survey methods, Traffic flow characteristics, Traffic analyses and design considerations, Travel demand forecasting, Land-use – transportation - urban form inter-relationships, Design of roads, intersections, grade separators and parking areas, Hierarchy of roads and level of service, Traffic and transport management and control in urban areas, Mass transportation planning, Paratransits and other modes of transportation, Pedestrian and slow moving traffic planning, Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Principles of water supply and sanitation systems: water treatment, Water supply and distribution system, Water harvesting systems, Principles, Planning and Design of storm water drainage system, Sewage disposal methods.

Methods of solid waste management: collection, transportation and disposal, Recycling and Reuse of solid waste, Power Supply and Communication Systems, network, design and guidelines.

Section 7: Building Materials, Construction and Management

Behavioral characteristics and applications of different building materials viz. mud, timber, bamboo, brick, concrete, steel, glass, FRP, AAC, different polymers, composites.

Building construction techniques: methods and details,

Building systems and prefabrication of building elements, Principles of Modular Coordination,

Estimation: specification, valuation, professional practice, Construction planning and equipments,

Project management techniques e.g. PERT, CPM etc.

Section 8: Building and Structures Principles of strength of materials

Design of structural elements in wood, steel and RCC, Elastic and Limit State design.

Structural systems in RCC and Steel, Form and Structure, Principles of Pre-stressing.

High Rise and Long Span structures, gravity and lateral load resisting systems.

Principles and design of disaster resistant structures.

1) ACCOUNTANCY

Accounting- An Introduction to Business transactions, Book-keeping, Accounting and its branches, Objectives of Financial Accounting. Accounting Terminology. Accounting Equation, Accounting Concepts and Conventions. Accounting in Computerized Environment. IND-AS & IFRS: Introductory Framework.

Accounting for Partnership Firms - Fundamentals, Admission of a Partner, Retirement/Death of a Partner, Dissolution of partnership firm.

Corporate Accounting: Issue and Forfeiture of Equity, Bonus Shares, Contents of Financial Statements

2) COST ACCOUNTING

Elements of Cost. Classification of costs,

Statement of Cost.

Material: Purchase, Storage and Control of Material, Stock Levels, Inventory, Control Techniques. Methods of Pricing Material Issues.

Standard Costing

Marginal Costing

Allocation and Absorption of overheads

3) MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING

Nature and Scope – Difference between Cost Accounting, Financial Accounting and Management accounting – Recent Trends in Management Reporting

Tools of Financial Analysis-Trend Analysis, Common Size Financial Statements and Comparative Financial Statements

Ratio Analysis

Cash Flow statement.

4) FINANCIAL MANGEMENT

Finance & Financial Management - Meaning, Aims & Scope, Functions and Sources,

Cost of Capital and Capital Structure decisions

Dividend Policy (Including Models).

Capital Budgeting: Planning and Evaluation of Projects excluding Risk and Uncertainty.

Working Capital Management: Computation of Working capital requirements, Financing of Working Capital, Inventory Management.

5) BUSINESS ECONOMICS

Introduction to Micro and Macro Economics: Definitions and scope of economics, Nature of economics, Central economic problem, Production possible curve.

Consumer Behaviour: Utility Approach-Brief Outline of Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility and Law of Equi-marginal Utility. Indifference curve approach: Consumer Equilibrium, Law of Demand.

Price elasticity of Demand and its Measurement.

Concept of Production Function: Breakeven analysis, Profit Forecasting in Short Run, Law of Variable Proportion.

Concept of Cost and Revenue: Short Run and Long Run Cost Curve, Concept of Total Average and Marginal Revenue, Relationship between Average Revenue, Marginal Revenue and Elasticity of Demand and Price.

Determination of Price: Determination of Price under Perfect competition, Monopoly and Monopolistic Competition, Price Discrimination.

Determination of Income and Employment: Aggregate Demand and its components, Short run equilibrium output, Investment multiplier, Full employment and involuntary unemployment. Excess and Deficit demand

6) BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

Management: Introduction, Meaning, Nature and Characteristics, Scope and Functional Areas of Management, Management as a Science, Art and Profession, Management and Administration, Management as a Process, Management Principles Planning:, Planning Process, Management by Objectives

Organising: Types, Principles of Organization, Committees, Span of Control, Delegation ,Decentralization

Staffing-meaning, importance and functions of Staffing

Direction: Meaning and Theories of Leadership

Communication

Motivation: Theory X and Y and Maslow Need Hierarchy Theory, Herzberg Theory of motivation.

Leadership: meaning, importance and types

Control: Meaning Features & Principles of Control

7) BUSINESS STATISTICS

Introduction to Statistics: Definition, Scope, Function and Limitations of Statistics

Measures of Central Tendency: Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic Mean, Median

Mode Measures of Dispersion: Range, Quartile Deviation, Mean Deviation, Standard Deviation, Coefficient of Variation

Correlation Analysis: Simple Correlation between Two Variables (grouped and ungrouped data), Rank Correlation

Simple Regression Analysis

Sampling and Sampling Techniques

8) BUSINESS LAWS

Indian Contract Act,1872
Contract – Meaning, Characteristics and kinds, Essentials of valid contract - Offer and acceptance, consideration, contractual capacity, free consent. Discharge of contract – Modes of discharge Breach of Contracts and its remedies. Contract of Indemnity and Guarantee Contract of Bailment & Pledge, Contract of Agency

Sale Of Goods Act,1930
Contract of sale, meaning and difference between sale and agreement to sell., Conditions and warranties, Transfer of ownership in goods including sale by non-owners, Performance of contract of sale ,Unpaid seller – meaning and rights of an unpaid seller against the goods and the buyer.

9) COMPANIES ACT,2013

Introduction To Company and Kinds of Companies,

Formation Of A Company,

Company Administration: Key Managerial Personnel

Corporate Meetings

Takeover and acquisitions of minority interest

Winding up : Concept –modes of winding up –who can apply –procedures under different modes

10) INCOME TAX LAWS

Basic Concepts

Residence and Scope of Total Income, Incomes which do not form part of Total Income

Salaries

Capital Gains

Income from Other Sources

Deductions from Gross Total Income

Tax Deduction at Source

Databases: Keys, Normalization, SQL Basic commands and basics of backup and recovery.

Programming: Basics of C-Language, Basics of OOPS, Arrays, Stacks, Pointers, Inorder, Preorder, Postorder, Binary Trees, Linked Lists, Searching and sorting.

System Architecture: Number conversions, Microprocessor architecture, Register, ALU, RISC/CISC, Hardware Knowledge.

Software Engineering: Basics of OS, Basics of UML, Prototyping, Deadlocks, RAD Model, SDLC, Complexity, Testing and Maintenance.

Networks: OSI, TCP/IP, Networking devices, IPv4/IPv6, Error detection and correction.

Microeconomics: Utility Analysis, Demand and Supply Analysis, Elasticity, Production, Cost and Revenue, Market Structure-Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly.

Macroeconomics: National income, Circular Flow of Income, Classical Theory, Consumption function, Investment, Keynesian Theory, Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy, Balance of Payment, Money and Banking.

Statistical Methods and Quantitative Techniques: Data collection, Central Tendency, Dispersion, Correlations, Regression, Matrix, Differenation, Integration, Maxima and Minima.

Indian Economy: Structure of Indian Economy, Planning in India, Basic Issues in Agriculture, Issues in Industrial Development, External Sector.

Public Finance: Nature and Scope of Public Finance, Taxable Capacity, Direct vs. Indirect Taxes, Incidence of Taxation, Public Debt.

Economics of development: Human Development index, Dualistic Development, Lewis Model of Unlimited Supply of Labour, Development Strategies, Capital formation.

Grammar: Parts of speech – Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Adverb, Verb, Preposition, Conjunction Interjection; Tenses – Present, Past and Future Tense in Active and Passive Form; Modal Verbs – Can, Could, May, might, Should, Will, Would.

Associative Language Skills: Vocabulary – Antonyms, Synonyms, One word substitution, Word Analogies, Idioms and Phrases

Common Errors : Sentence Correction and Error Finding Exercises

Comprehension Passages :Closed and Open paragraphs, identifying key ideas or theme.

Unit 1: Literary Terms
Style
Simile
Metaphor
Plot
Character
Hero
Protagonist
Antagonist
Verse
Prose
Drama
Novel
Ballad
Elegy
Ode
Sonnet

Unit 2: Literary Movements
Symbolism
Modernism
Feminism
Postmodernism
Romanticism
Realism
Existentialism

Unit 3: The Prologue to Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
Knight
Monk
The Wife of Bath
The Host
Social Relevance

Unit 4: William Shakespeare
Popular Works
Shakespearean Sonnet
The Merchant of Venice

Unit 5: Romantic & Victorian Literature
William Wordsworth:“Daffodils”, “She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways”
Charles Dickens: Great Expectations

Unit 6: Modern and Contemporary literature
W.B.Yeats : “The Wild Swans at Coole”
• Rabindranath Tagore: “Where the mind is Without Fear”
R.K.Narayan: Swami and Friends

Numbers, Percentage, Profit, Loss & Discount, Ratio & Proportion, Simple & Compound Interest, Permutation& Combination & Probability, Time & Distance, Boats & streams, Races & Games, Time & Work, Pipes & Cistern, Calendar & Clocks, Area, Series completion & Coding – Decoding & Alphabet test, Direction sense test & Blood relations &arrangements, Syllogism, Number, Ranking & Time sequence test, Arithmetical reasoning, Inserting the missing character, Data sufficiency, Cubes and dice, Non-verbal reasoning.

Indian History, Indian Politics, Indian Economy, Financial and Economic news, Budget and National Plan, Who is Who, Sports Events, Books and Authors, Awards and Honours, Science Invention and Discoveries, Abbreviations, Important Days and Weeks, International and National Organizations, Current National and International Affairs.

Earth’s interior, rocks and mass movements.
Geomorphic agents and processes.
Methods of showing relief and weather data.
Map Projections.
Remote Sensing and GIS in cartography.
Atmospheric Temperature, moisture and precipitation.
Atmospheric pressure and winds.
Climate classifications - Koppen’s.
Distribution of temperature and salinity of oceans and seas.
Circulation of oceanic waters.
World’s distribution of population.
Industrial development and Indian economy.
Regional disparity; poverty, population explosion, globalization.
Classification of resources.
Emerging environmental issues.
Fauna and flora of different ecosystem.
Salient features of human settlements.
Basics of regionalization.
Natural and Cultural regions.
Classification of industries.

Ancient History of India: Indus valley civilization, Vedic period, Mauryan Dynasty, Gupta period, Vardhan Dynasty, Rise of Rajputs, Pratiharas, Vakatakas and Rashrakutas, main dynasties of south India: Chola&Chalukya empire, Pandyas and Pallavas.

Medieval History of India: Ghaznavi and Ghouri invasions, consolidation of the Delhi Sultanate: slave dynasty and Khalji dynasty, tughlaqs and lodhis, Foundation and consolidation of the Mughal Empire from Babur to Aurangzeb, decline of Mughal empire.

Modern History of India: establishment of East India company, battle of Plassey and Buxar, consolidation of British rule, revolt of 1857, foundation of Congress (1885-1919), Rowlatt Act, Satyagraha, Khilafat Movement, Non-Cooperation movement, Civil Disobedience movement, Quit India Movement, Wavell Plan and Cabinet Mission, towards independence and partition.

Foundation Art: Introduction to art,
Purposes of Art, Art and morality,
Indian art and Concept of art and classification of art.
Drawing Fundamentals
Foreshortening & Perspective
Visual Elements: Line/Shape/Form/ Mass / Value / Colour / Texture.
Principles of Design: Balance / Unity / Variety / Emphasis / Direction / Movement / Scale / Proportion / Repetition
Story Pictures and Visualisation,
Visual Logic &Pictograms,
Exercises on imagination.
Communication Concepts: Elements in the Process of Communication (Input, sender, channel, Noise, receiver, output)
Functions of Communication,
Forms and Method of Communication,
Effects of Communication,
Types of Communication.
Visual Communication: Basics of Visual Communication,
Mass Communication,
The World of Print Media,
Electronic mediums,
Elements of a Film,
The Current Film Landscape,
Narrative Elements in Film,
Stories, Conflict and Characters,
Background and Concept, Movie Genres,
Film and TV production basics,
Evolution of advertising,
Types of advertisements,
New Media and Convergence.
Computer Fundamentals: History of computers,
The parts of a computer system,
Operating system,
Types and uses of application software,
Fundamental file management,
Audio and video formats,
Introduction to internet,
Communications and Networks.
Computer Graphics: Digital Image Fundamentals,
Introduction to computer animation,
Colour theory for computer,
Digital Publishing,
Typographic Design,
Video production,
Sound principles,
Basic concepts of Visual effects and computer games,
Happening in media and entertainment industry.

Planning Legislation: 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, Provisions regarding property rights, Evolution of planning legislation, the Punjab regional and town planning and development act 1995, improvement trusts, Regional development boards, Housing board, Development controls – FAR, densities and building byelaws, spatial standards, Disaster Management Act 2005.

Urban Management: Reforms, Economic principles of land use, economic concepts of land, Urban development and five year plans, National urban renewal mission, new strategies for urban development.

Landscape Planning: aesthetic considerations, criteria for design with plants and selection of species, Man-made landscapes in history, principles and techniques of design with landform, water and vegetation.

Urban infrastructure: Solid waste management issues and database, Methods of solid waste management, Collection and transportation of solid waste, Methods of disposal of solid waste, Community participation and involvement of Non-Governmental Organizations or NGOs in efficient solid waste management, types of waste, characteristics of waste, qualitative and quantitative characteristics of solid waste, solid waste issues at different levels, concepts of solid waste management, Various types of water supply and sanitation systems, Types of pipes used in water supply and sewer systems, types of water pumping station, various types of waste water, types of septic tank, Types of Rain water harvesting techniques, various types of filtration process used in rain water conservation, efficient water conservation systems.

Public Private Partnership: possible forms of partnerships such as contracting out, BOT, joint venture, and concession sand community led informal partnership approaches, strengths and weaknesses of PPPs and their funding structures, Real estate planning and management.

Urban Finance: Nature and composition of income and expenditure, Budgetary allocation from Central and State Governments for urban development, Types of contracts and ownership, Pricing of services, Public Private Partnerships, Fiscal decentralization.

Urban issues and current trends: Common issues in cities, AMRUT, Smart cities, challenges of smart cities, HRIDAY, JNNURM, Metropolitan development, Sustainable Development Management- Development Management, Environmental Impact assessment.

Law of demand and supply of land and its use in planning: Land as a resource,Demand and Supply Equilibrium of land market,Land as a factor of production, Land use and Utilization.

Settlement Geography: spatial distributions and models of settlement, Site and Situation patterns, Rural Urban Problems.

Types of plans: Master Plan, City Development Plan, Structure Plan, Zonal Plan, Action Area Plan, Town Planning Scheme, Regional Plan, Tools and techniques of Surveys, Ancient planning Ancient cities of India, Ancient civilizations, Growth of the cities- natural and manmade, different theories for city modelling, growth of cities from town to mega polis.

Planning Techniques and Management: Social, Economical and environmental cost benefit analysis, Project Formulation, appraisal and management.

Planning History and Theory: Salient concepts, theories and principles of urban planning, ancient civilizations.

Transport Planning: Design of Roads, Intersections and parking areas, process and principles of transportation planning, traffic flow characteristics, traffic survey methods.

Urban Design and Conservation: Concepts and theories of urban design.

Application of G.I.S and Remote Sensing techniques in urban and regional planning: Introduction to remote sensing, Advantages and Disadvantages of remote sensing, Aerial Photogrammetry, Digital Image Processing, Introduction to Global Positioning system (GPS), Indian case practices of remote sensing, IRNSS, GAGAN, Urban planning Information system, Land Information System and Geographic Information system.

Decision support system and Land Information System: Human settlement Information system, Land Information system, Land records, History of Land records, Traditional units of conversion, Land record systems, Shajra Map, Burji, Intekaal Records, Jamabandi, Musavi, Advantages and disadvantages of Land records, Government initiative for Digitization of Land records, Geographic Information System, Tools and Techniques used in GIS for Mapping, Analysis tools in GIS, Conversion, Overlay, Buffer, Land Suitability analysis, Digital Elevation Model, Hydrology, Heat island mapping, Network Analysis, TIN model etc.

Disaster Risk Mitigation and Management: Introduction to disaster management, Disaster Management Cycle, Type of Disasters, Natural and Manmade, Causes of disasters, Phases of Disaster, Institutional framework of Disaster Management in India, National Disaster Management Authority, State Disaster Management Authority, District Disaster Management Authority.

Planned and Unplanned Settlements: Characteristics of Planned and Unplanned settlements, Role of Development controls, Model Building Byelaws, Zoning Regulations, Sub-division regulations, Case study of Planned areas in India, Gandhinagar, Chandigarh, Jaipur, Bhubaneshwar, National Capital Region, Global Pattern of Development, Finger plan concept, Superblock concept, Form Based concept etc, Road Patterns of Planned Development etc.

Housing: Affordable Housing, National Housing Policies, Programs and Schemes, Standards for housing and community facilities.

Introduction:
Meaning
Nature
Scope
Significance of political Science.

Western Political thought:
Plato
Aristotle
Social contract theories
utilitarianism
Nicholas Machiavelli
Marxism
Socialism
Feminism.

Political theories:
Key Concepts in Political Theory : liberty, equality, rights, justice
Contemporary trends in Political Theory : (egalitarian-liberalism, libertarianism, communitarianism, republicanism, state and civil society, postmodern theories of power)
post-colonial theory
neoliberalism and the political theory of the market
different traditions of political theory.

Indian Political Thought:
The Indian Renaissance
Gandhian Thought
Ambedkar
Periyar
Nehru.

International relations:
Theories of International Politics
Emerging Issues (Human Rights, Environmentalism, Terrorism, Democratic expansion)
NAM
Look east and Act east policy
India and the UN
Regional organisations.

Indian constitution:
Preamble
Fundamental rights
Directive principles of state policy
Judiciary
Executive
Legislature.

Comparative politics:
Approaches to the study of comparative politics
Difference between comparative government and politics
Theories of State
Classifications of governments
Typology of states
Democracy.

Introduction: What is Psychology, Understanding Mind and Behaviour, Development of Psychology in India, Branches of Psychology, Themes of Research and Applications, Psychology and Other Disciplines, Psychologists at Work, Psychology in Everyday Life.

Methods of Psychology: Steps in Conducting Scientific Research, Alternative Paradigms of Research, Some Important Methods in Psychology and Ethical Issues, Research methods, Statistical tools used in Psychology.

Basics of Psychology: Life span development, Sensations, Perception, Learning and applications of Learning Principles, Memory, Forgetting, Thinking, Problem solving, Thought and Language, Communication, Motivation, Emotions, Intelligence, Personality.

Psychological Disorders: Therapeutic approaches, Nature, Types and Sources of Stress, Attitude, Counselling.

Social Psychology: Social influence and group process, Various Schools of psychology, Social cognition, Self and Personality.

Introduction:
Meaning
Nature
Scope
Significance of public administration
Public and Private Administration.

Evolution of public administration:
Evolution of public administration as a discipline
New public administration
New Public Management
Good Governance
E-Governance.

Principles of Organization:
Hierarchy
Span of Control
Unity of Command
Line and Staff Agencies
Supervision
Coordination
Centralisation and Decentralisation.

Theories approaches of Public Administration:
scientific management Theory
Classical theory
bureaucratic theory
human relation theory
behavioral approach
system approach.

Civil Services in India:
Civil Services in India
Classification
Recruitment
Training
Promotion
UPSC.

Public Financial Administration:
Meaning, Nature and Scope of Public Financial Administration
Types of Budget
Principles of budget
Process of Budget
Finance Commission.

Indian Administration:
Constitutional Provisions
Central Administration
State Administration
District Administration
Local Administration
Control over Administration.

Sociological Perspectives: Society and Sociology, Understanding Social institutions, Culture and Socialisation process.

Research method in sociology: Ethnography, Archival Methods, Oral History, Interviews/ Case Studies, Content analysis, Survey Research, Statistical Methods, Social Experiments, PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal), Visual ethnography.

Sociology in India: Caste-Structure and Change, Aspects of Rural Social Structure, Family, Kinship and Marriage, Religion in India.

Sociology of development: Perspective of Development, State and market, Institutions and ideologies, the micro-politics of development.

Industrial Sociology: Industrialisation, industrialism and post-industrial society, Employee organizations, Blue Collar, White Collar and Managers, Work organization and Alienation, Industrial Conflict and its Resolution.

Sociology and Gender: Gender in Sociological Analysis, Reproduction, Sexuality and Ideology, Family, Work and Property, the Politics of Gender.

UNIT-1 Education Meaning and Nature
UNIT-2 Types of Education
UNIT-3 Aims and Objectives, Instructional Objectives
UNIT-4 NPE 1987, POA 1992
UNIT-5 Constitutional Provisions in the Context of Education
UNIT-6 Learning and Its Characteristics
UNIT-7 Factors Influencing Learning
UNIT-8 Techniques of Enhancing Learner’s Motivation
UNIT-9 Type of Motivation
UNIT-10 Maslow Theory of Motivation
UNIT-11 Transfer of Learning-Concept and Types
UNIT-12 Learning Theories- Trial And Error Theory
UNIT-13 Learning Theories- Classical Conditioning
UNIT-14 Learning Theories- Operant Conditioning
UNIT-15 Learning Theories- Learning by Insight
UNIT-16 Intelligence Nature and Characteristics
UNIT-17 Theories of Intelligence Two Factor Theory and Multifactor Theory
UNIT-18 Theories of Intelligence Gardner Multiple Intelligence Theory
UNIT-19 Growth and Development Meaning, Nature, Principles
UNIT-20 Education in India during Vedic Period
UNIT-21 Education in India during Buddhist Period
UNIT-22 Education in India during Medieval Period
UNIT-23 Personality Definition, Meaning and Nature
UNIT-24 Personality Methods of Assessing
UNIT-25 Theories of Personality
UNIT-26 Concept of Teaching and Differences among Conditioning, Training, Instruction and Indoctrination
UNIT-27 Phases of Teaching
UNIT-28 Principles & Maxims of Teaching
UNIT-29 Bloom’s Taxonomy of Instructional Objectives
UNIT-30 Meaning & Significance of Lesson Planning
UNIT-31 Concept of Exceptional Children
UNIT-32 Inclusive Education Meaning, Nature, Need, Aims and Objectives
UNIT-33 Learning Disability Meaning, Characteristics and Types
UNIT-34 Identification and General Classroom Adaptations for Students with Orthopedic Impairment
UNIT-35 Identification and General Classroom Adaptations for Students with Visual Impairment
UNIT-36 Identification and General Classroom Adaptations for Students with Hearing Impairment
UNIT-37 Identification and General Classroom Adaptations for Students with Speech Impairment
UNIT-38 Assessment for Learning, Assessment of Learning, Assessment as Learning
UNIT-39 Formative Assessment, Summative Assessment, Types of Tests
UNIT-40 Universalization of Elementary Education (Right To Education, Sara Siksha Abhiyan), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
UNIT-1 HEALTH AND NUNTRITION
Health- Its Objectives and Spectrum, Nutrition- Balanced Diet and Its Components. Nutritional Deficiencies, Understanding Of Malnutrition and Nutritional Supplements.
Effects of Smoking, Alcohol, & Drugs on Health; Prevention and Rehabilitation. First-Aid- Objectives and Principles. Obesity, BMI, Exercise and Its Benefits. Types of Physical Fitness, Deficiency Diseases, Vitamin and Minerals.

UNIT-2 HISTORY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Physical Education and Adapted Physical Education, Their Objectives
Philosophies of Education As Applied To Physical Education, Development of Physical Education in Greece, Rome, Sweden, Foundation of Physical Education, Ancient Olympics

UNIT-3 TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION
Test, Measurement and Evaluation -Their Types and Importance in Physical Education and Sports. Principles and Processes of Evaluation in Physical Education.
Types of Tests and Construction of Standard Knowledge and Skill Tests.
Tests for Fitness- Physical Fitness, Motor Fitness, Motor Ability and Motor Educability. Health Related Fitness Tests.
Test for Fitness Components- Strength, Endurance, Speed, Flexibility And Coordinative Abilities.

UNIT-4 CURRICULUM DESIGN AND PEDAGOGY
Curriculum Concept, Definitions, Characteristics, Need, Types, Principles, Scope, Defects Of Curriculum, Curriculum Development-, Objectives, Basic Element of Curriculum Development, Factors Influence Curriculum Development.
Curriculum Evaluation Purpose, Types of Evaluation, Articulation and Balance, Steps of Evaluation, Guidelines of Evaluation, Problems of Curriculum Evaluation, Types of Curriculum Evaluations, Curriculum Participants, Criteria for Norm Refereed and Criterion Refereed Evaluation, Guidelines For Curriculum Evaluation.

UNIT-5 MANAGEMENT IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION & SPORTS
Management- Its Principles and Theories. Scope of Management in Physical Education and Sports. Guiding Principles for Organizing Physical Education & Sports Program in Institutions.
Personnel Management- Objectives and Principles. Self-Appraisal, Communication Skills and Time Management.
Essential Skills of Administration.
Financial Management- Objectives, Purposes, Principles and Scope. Planning And Preparation of Budget. Mechanics of Purchase and Auditing.

UNIT-6 PHYSIOLOGY OF EXERCISE
Exercise Physiology Its Scope and Importance in the Field Of Physical Education and Sports.
Cardio Respiratory Adaptations to Long and Short Term Physical Activities.
Muscle- Its Types, Characteristics and Functions. Microscopic Structure of Muscle Fiber. Sliding Filament Theory of Muscular Contraction. Types of Muscle Fibers and Sports Performance. Muscular Adaptations to Exercise.
Neuro-Muscular Junction and Transmission of Nerve Impulse, Kinesthetic Sense Organs and Neural Control of Motor Skills.
Bio-Chemical Aspects of Exercise - Metabolism of Food Products. Aerobic and Anaerobic Systems during Rest and Exercise. Direct and Indirect Methods of Measuring Cost of Energy.
Women in Sports- Trainability. Physiological Gender Differences and Special Problems of Women Athletes.
Aging - Physiological Consequences, Life Style Management and Healthful Aging.
Physiological Responses of Various Therapeutic Modalities and Rehabilitation.
Physiological Aspects of Various Ergogenic Aids. Massage Manipulations and Their Physiological Responses.

UNIT-7 KINESIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS
Kinesiology and Biomechanics. Modern Trends in Biomechanics. Planes and Axes of Human Body. Joints and Their Movements.
Muscle Attachments - Origin, Insertion, Action and Leverage of the Principal Muscles Used In Sports.
Motion Its Laws and Their Application in Sports. Projectile and Principles of Projections Linear and Angular Kinematics and Kinetics.
Friction, Spin, Impact and Elasticity.
Air and Water Dynamics.
Mechanical Advantage and Applications of Levers in Sports.
Posture and Its Deformities with Their Corrective Exercises.
Kinesiological, Muscular and Mechanical Analyses of Fundamental Movements Mechanical Analyses of Major Sports Skills.

UNIT-8 SPORTS TRAINING
Sports Training- Its Characteristics and Principles. Training Load, It’s Features,
Principles and Adaptation Process. Means and Methods of Executing Training Load. Overload, Its Causes, Symptoms and Remedial Measures.
Strength- It’s Characteristics, Types of Strength, Factors Determining Strength and Strength Development.
Endurance- It’s Characteristics, Types of Endurance, Factors Determining Endurance And Endurance Development.
Speed- It’s Characteristics, Types of Speed, Factors Determining Speed and Speed Development.
Flexibility-Its Characteristics, Types of Flexibility, Factors Determining Flexibility And Flexibility Development.
Coordinative Abilities- Its Characteristics, Types Of Coordinative Abilities, Factors Determining Coordinative Abilities and Development of Coordinative Abilities.
Technique and Skill- Its Characteristics and Importance. Different Stages Of Technique Development and Technique Training. Tactics and Strategy.
Planning- Its Importance and Principles. Types of Planning.
Periodization- Its Importance, Objectives and Types of Periodization. Concept Of Different Periods - Preparatory, Competition and Transitional. Types Of Competition
Talent Identification- Process and Procedure.

UNIT-9 Management- Its Principles and Theories.
Scope of Management in Physical
Education and Sports. Guiding Principles for Organizing Physical Education & Sports Programmes in Institutions.
Personnel Management- Objectives and Principles. Self-Appraisal, Communication Skills and Time Management. Essential Skills of Administration.
Financial Management- Objectives, Purposes, Principles and Scope. Planning and Preparation of Budget. Mechanics of Purchase and Auditing.
Supervision - Objectives, Principles and Importance of Supervision. Techniques of Supervision. Duties and Responsibilities of a Supervisor.
Facility Management- Planning, Procuring and Maintenance of Facilities- Indoor and Outdoor Facilities. Planning and Management of Sports Infrastructure.
Management of Records.

UNIT-10 RESEARCH IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Its Importance and Classification. Ethical Issues in Research.
Methods of Research- Descriptive, Historical and Experimental. Experimental Research Designs.
Identification and Formulation of Research Problem. Types of Research Hypotheses And Their Formulation. Hypotheses Testing. Tools of Research- Questionnaires, Opinionnaires, Interviews and Observation.
Sources and Steps of Literature Search- Library, Research Data Bases, Internet- Search Engines, Online Journals. Note Taking and Critical Reading.
Sampling Techniques- Probability and Non Probability.
UNIT-1 Khayal,Dharupad,Tarana,Tappa, Thumri
UNIT-2 Shabad, Bhajan, Chaturang, Folk Song, Teen Taal, Keharva Taal
UNIT-3 Sool Taal, Chautaal, Panchamsavari
UNIT-4 Sangeet Ratnakar, Sangeet Parijaat, Sangeet Makrand, Sangeet Roop, Geet Govind, Maan Kotuhal
UNIT-5 Bhairav, Bhairavi, Yaman, Bhupali, Bhihag.
UNIT-6 Gharanas of Music
UNIT-7 Ajoy Charavarti, Ustad Alla Rakha Khan, Pt. Ravishankar,Shiv Kumar Sharma
UNIT-8 Swar, Andolan
UNIT-9 Salient Features of Time Theory
UNIT-10 Vadi, Samvadi. Anuvadi, Vivadi, Varjit Swar
UNIT-11 Tali, Khali, Avartan, Meend
UNIT-12 Gamak, Murki, Khatka
UNIT-13 Defination of Basic Elements In Music - Naad, Shruti, Swar, Saptak, Thata
UNIT-14 72 Thaat System Of Pt. Vyankatmukhi
UNIT-15 Raga, Alpatav, Bahutav, Jati, Trivat
UNIT-16 Ancient Period of Indian Music
UNIT-17 Tanpura And Sahayak Nada
UNIT-18 Music in Ramayan and Mahabharat
UNIT-19 Jaunpuri, Bhimplasi, Madhmadh Sarang, Kafi
UNIT-20 Karnataka Music
UNIT-21 Dance Form India
UNIT-22 Rabindra Music
UNIT-23 Indian Institute of Music
UNIT-24 Percussion Instruments
UNIT-25 Tala System of Indian Music
UNIT-26 Technical Terms Percussion Music Laya, Tala and Its Parts, Avartan
UNIT-27 Tukra, Mukhra, Tihayi, Vibhag, Sam
UNIT-28 Maru Bihag, Miya Ki Todi, Deshkar, Kedar, Malhar
UNIT-29 Tanpura and Its Types
UNIT-30 Bilaskhanitodi, Bhairav, Ragesgwari, Shudhsarang
Unit 31 Merits and Demerits of Music, Alapti Gan
UNIT-32 Girija Devi, Badegulam Ali Khan
UNIT-33 Pt. Suresh Talvalkar, Zakir Husain
UNIT-34 Moorchhana
UNIT-35 Folk Instruments of North India
UNIT-36 Folk Dances of India
UNIT-37 Instruments of Indian
UNIT-38 Natyashastra Chapter 28, 29
UNIT-39 Musical Granths
UNIT-40 Pt. Bhim Sen Joshi, Prabha Atre, Pt. Jasraj

Reporting; News And TV Journalism; Basics Of Internet; Social Networking Sites As Infocom Tool; Web Page Development; History Of Film; Genres Of The Film; Cinema In World; Pre And Post-Independence Journalism In India; History Of Radio And Television; Elements And Models Of Communication; Theories Of Mass Communication; Introduction To Communication; Role Of The Mass Media; International Relation; Advertising And Printing; Mass Communication Theories; Introduction To International System; History Of Media; International History Of Media Basic History Of Cinema; Asthetics Of Pre Production Stage Plot, Script Writing, Screenplay, Production Design; Asthetics Of Production Stage Camera Shots, Camera Angles, Camera Movements, Direction Basics, Cinematography Basics; Asthetics Of Post Production Stage Basic Editing Information, Basic Sound Information, Basic Sound Design Information.

UNIT-1 Introduction to Fashion and Design
1. Design Philosophy,
2. Various Types Of Design,
3. Historic Context Of Fashion Designing,
4. Technical Terminology Of Fashion,
5. Fashion Cycles,
6. Fashion Theories,
7. Typology Of Garments, Clothing Categories,
8. Color Psychology,
9. Principle Of Design,
10. Art And Fashion,
11. Impact Of Globalization Of Cultures,
12. Industrial Revolution And Its Impact On Fashion Design And Textile Industry,
13. Arts And Crafts Movement,
14. Design And Social Process,
15. Design and Social Change.

UNIT-2 Fashion Retailing and Merchandising
16. Retailing Definition And Formats,
17. Fashion Merchandising Definition, Process, Functions.
18. Structure Of Clothing Industry,
19. Overview Of Global Garment Industry (SWOT Analysis),
20. Different Departments And Their Roles In A Garment Factory,
21. Fashion Trends And Forecast,

UNIT-3 Textile Science I (Fibers, Yarn, Fabric)
22. Classification Of Textile Fibers, Fiber Properties, Manufacturing Of Man-Made Fibers
23. Spinning And Yarn Classification
24. Weaving And Woven Textiles
25. Knitting And Knit Fabrics
26. Clothing Care Labels

UNIT-4 Textile Science II (Wet Processing In Textile Industry)
27. Pre Treatment Process Singeing, Desizing, Scouring, Carbonization, Bleaching, OBA Treatment, Mercerisation, Degumming,
28. Dyes Types, Classification, Application Of Dyes, Dyeing Techniques,
29. Textile Dyeing Machines, Dyeing Defects And Testing Of Colour Fastness Properties, Quality Control In Dyeing,
30. Textile Printing, Printing Process, Advances In Printing, Quality Control In Printing,
31. Finishing Introduction, Objectives, Classification, Types, Mechanical Finishing, Chemical Finishing, Antimicrobial, Antistatic, Flame Retardant, Moth Proof, Soil Repellant, Durable Press, Pilling Resistance, Calendering, Quality Control In Finishing,
32. Post Finishing Garment Inspection, Fabric Care, Stain Types, Common Stains And Their Removal, Packaging And Care Labels Of Textiles And Apparels,
33. Eco Friendly Processing Of Textiles, Eco Standards For Textiles,
34. Textile Auxiliaries Classification and Use; Eco-Friendly Auxiliaries.

UNIT-5 Garment Construction and Pattern Making
35. Garment Terminology Types Of Skirts, Trousers, Jackets, Tops,
36. Types Of Dress Codes Formal Wear, Casual Wear, Party Wear, Business Wear, Swim Wear,
37. Design Details Collars And Details, Sleeves And Cuffs,
38. Different Types of Necklines, Pocket and Details.
39. Techniques Of Pattern Making And Draping - Incorporating Style Lines And Fullness; Principles Of Contouring, Surplice/Off Shoulder And Halter Designs; Built-In Necklines, Cowls And Collars; Skirts, Advanced Sleeve Variations, Exaggerated Armholes, Pockets, Bias Cut Dresses; Jackets, Types Of Pants; Pattern Adoption To Knits.
40. Sustainability and Textile Industry.

Design Elements, Scale and Proportions, Principles of Design, Inspirational Design, Proportion, Animal & Birds, Product Design, Human Features, Logical Reasoning, Perspective types and usage, Geometrical and Design Exercise, Placement of different figures proportionally, still life drawing, eye levels and symmetrical drawing concepts, object drawings from everyday life. Gradation chart Anatomy, Proportion and Division, Study of Object, Human Body Knowledge, Poster, Logo, Character designing, Basics of materials and manufacturing processes, Compositions, Law of symmetry, Drawing ability and skills, Drawing of human figures of different postures actions and age groups, Creative Writing Skills, Design concept, Sketching, Problem identification & solving, METAMORPHOSIS, STUDY OF OBJECTS AND LATERAL THINKING, Basics of Drawings- Lines & Shapes, Design Elements, Scale and Proportions, Light & Shadow, Representation Techniques, Colour Rendering and Design.

Unit 1
History of Indian art: 
British colonial painting, Bengal School, Santiniketan School, Academic Realism and the establishment of Art colleges in colonial India, Progressive artists groups in Calcutta, Madras, Bombay and Delhi. Styles and schools of Indian modern art. Problems of Indian contemporary Art.
Notable Indian Artists and their contribution to the field of art: Abanindranath Tagore, Gagnendranath Tagore, Nandalal Bose, Jamini Roy, Amrita Shergil, Rabindranath Tagore, Binod Bihari Mukherjee, Nirod Majumdar, N. S. Bendre, Dhanraj Bhagat, Sudhir Khastgir, Chitta Prasad, KG Subramanium, Hemen Majumdar  , Paritosh Sen, Ganesh Paine, Ganesh Haloi, Bikash
Bhattacharya, Prokash Karmakar, Ramananda Bandhopadhyay, Suhas Roy and Sanat Kar.  

Unit 2
Indian aesthetics:
General principles of Indian art, art and beauty, principles of image making 
(iconometry and other canons ), six limbs of Indian painting ( shadanga ) and six Chinese canons of painting, theories of Rasa, Dhvani, Alankara, Auchitya and Riti, and their relevance in understanding art making and viewing. Classification of painting in Chitrasutra. Concepts of Kshyavridhi, Guna-Dosha, Sadrishya, Vartana, Nimnonata, etc. Visible and invisible aspects of art ( Drishyam /Adrishyam ), Rekha ( Line ) and Linear rhythm ( Chanda ) compositional aspects of art, perspective, form and content.

Unit 3

History of western arts:
Pre-historic art , Greek, Roman, Early Christian, Byzantine, Gothic, Renaissance, Mannerist, Baroque, Neo-Classicism, Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Symbolism, Fauvism, Cubism, -Expressionism, Futurism, Dadaism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Op-Art, Pop-Art and Minimalism.

Unit 4

Western aesthetics:
Plato, Aristotle, Alberti, Vasari, Bellori, Reynolds, Diderot, Wincklemann, Croce and Tolstoy. Writing by artists and manifestos of modem art movements. Theory of Avant-Garde. Implication of theories of Semiotics, Structuralism, Post –structuralism, Post –modernism and Feminism on Art thinking and writing.

Unit 5
Drawing:
Illustrations, life drawing, emotive drawing, analytical drawing, perspective and diagrammatic drawing, geometric drawing. Basics of drawing and its related equipment’s.

Unit 6
Painting:
Basic elements of painting, Methods and kinds of painting, notable paintings.

Unit 7
Sculpture:
Process of sculpture making, Methods and kinds of sculpture, famous sculptures.

Unit 8

Printmaking:
Process of print making, mediums and techniques of printmaking.  

Unit 9
Photography:
Aperture, shutter speed, ISO speed, exposure, editing tools and techniques, different types of camera. 

Unit 10
Advertising & Design:
Famous advertisements and creators, mediums of advertisements, creation of advertisement, process and editing tools for advertisements. 

Unit 11
Current affairs:
Who’s who Related to the field of arts.

Unit 12:
Important books:
Of the field of art or written by famous art personality.

Unit 13

Methods and Material:
Medium and support, its source, access, colour and uses, technique.

Unit 14
Elements and design:
How and what of Line, shape, colour, value, form, texture and space. 

Unit 15
History of advertising:
Who’s who in the field of advertisement, famous advertiser, creators, top advertising companies.

Unit 16
History of photography:
History of camera and its evolution, iconic photographs, important names in photography.

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Unit 1 Attitude
Origins
Relationship
Factors
Components of attitudes
Attitude functions

Unit 2 External Awareness

Local, national, and international policies and trends
Organizations functions and responsibilities.
Reviews external information
Social issues
Technical expertise to respond to inquiries
Formal and informal reporting relationships.
Opportunities based on unique cultural needs.
Interrelationships of foreign and domestic agencies and governments.

Unit 3 Customer Experience
Customer Perception
Customer service
Customer involvement
Customers respond
Customer relationships
Positive recommendations

Unit 4 Communication
Understanding signs, symbols, and semiotic rules.
Communicative motivation or reason.
Message composition
Message encoding
Noise sources such as natural forces and in some cases human activity
Reception of signals and reassembling
Decoding of the reassembled encoded message.
Interpretation

Unit 5 Influence
Character
development,
Human behaviour
Role of social media

Unit 6 Accountability
Personal accountability 
Behaviors
Actions
Performance.
Honest.

Unit 7 Interpersonal Skills
Customer service
Interaction
Empathy
Negotiation,
Listening,
Creative thinking,
Patience
Problem-solving

Unit 8
Leadership
Productivity
Direction
Performance
Expectation
Emotional Intelligence
Change

Unit 9  
Adaptability
Adjustment
Circumstances
Life style
Culture
Customs
Mentality
Human relationship skills  

Unit 10 Stress Management    
Introduction
Service delivery
Working hours
Multicultural
Language barrier
Coordination

Unit 11 Results Oriented
Outcome 
Production
Effectiveness
Efficiency

Unit 12  Conflict Resolution
Resolution
Conflict Types
Negotiation
Value
Norms

Unit 13 Initiative
Taking charge.
Actions
Personal quality
Willingness
Responsibility
Positivity

Unit 14 Customer Acquisition
Existing prospects
Targeted customers
Selling skills
Competition
Strategy
Services  

Unit 15 Creative Thinking

Invention
Creativity
Solution
Proactive
Notion

Unit 16 Professionalism

Conduct,
Behaviour
Attitude
Business environment. 
Characteristics
Reputation a
Work ethic
Dynamic
positive impact

Unit 17 Change Management.
Transformation
Goals,
Strategies
Adapt to change
Adjustment
Internal and external controls
Regulatory compliance.

Unit 18 Environment
Conditions,
Circumstances,
Influences surrounding
Economic opportunities
Impact

Unit 19 Sustainability
Future generations
Economic,
Environmental,
Social culture
Conservation of local ecosystems.
Biodiversity conservation
Habitat protection.

Unit 20 Ethics
Moral principles
Decisions
Custom,
Habit,
Character
Life
Fundamental rights
Professional conduct.