Syllabus of LPUNEST
(Post Graduate)

  • Education: meaning and nature
  • Types of education
  • Aims and objectives, Instructional Objectives
  • NPE 1987, POA 1992, NEP, 2020
  • Constitutional provisions in the context of education
  • Learning and its characteristics
  • Factors Influencing Learning
  • Techniques of enhancing learner’s motivation
  • type of motivation
  • Maslow theory of motivation
  • transfer of learning-concept and types
  • Learning theories- Trial and Error Theory
  • Learning theories- Classical Conditioning
  • Learning theories- Operant Conditioning
  • Learning theories- Learning by Insight
  • Intelligence: Nature and characteristics
  • Theories of Intelligence: Two factor theory and Multifactor Theory
  • Theories of Intelligence: Gardner Multiple Intelligence Theory
  • Growth and development: Meaning, nature, principles
  • Education in India during: Vedic period
  • Education in India during: Buddhist period
  • Education in India during: Medieval period
  • Personality: Definition, meaning and nature
  • Personality: Methods of assessing
  • Theories of Personality
  • Concept of teaching and differences among conditioning, training, instruction and indoctrination,
  • Phases of teaching
  • Principles & Maxims of teaching
  • Bloom’s Taxonomy of instructional objectives
  • Meaning & Significance of lesson planning
  • Concept of exceptional children
  • Inclusive education: meaning, nature, need, aims and objectives
  • Learning disability: meaning, characteristics and types
  • Identification and general classroom adaptations for students with orthopedic impairment
  • Identification and general classroom adaptations for students with visual impairment
  • Identification and general classroom adaptations for students with hearing impairment
  • Identification and general classroom adaptations for students with speech impairment
  • Assessment for learning, Assessment of learning, Assessment as learning
  • Formative Assessment, Summative assessment, Types of tests
  • Universalization of Elementary Education (Right To Education, Sarav Siksha Abhiyan), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
  • Khayal,Dharupad,Tarana,Tappa, Thumri
  • Shabad, bhajan, chaturang, Folk song,TeenTaal, Keharvataal
  • SoolTaal, Chautaal, Panchamsavari
  • SangeetRatnakar, sangeetParijaat, Sangeetmakrand,sangeetroop, geetgovind,Maan
  • kotuhal
  • Bhairav, Bhairavi, Yaman, Bhupali, Bhihag.
  • Gharanas of music
  • Ajoycharavarti, UstadAllaRakha Khan, Pt. Ravishankar,Shiv Kumar Sharma
  • Swar, Andolan
  • Salient features of Time Theory
  • Vadi, Samvadi. Anuvadi, Vivadi, VarjitSwar
  • Tali, Khali, Avartan, Meend
  • Gamak, Murki, Khatka
  • Defination of basic elements in music :- Naad, shruti, Swar, Saptak, Thata
  • 72 thaat system of pt. Vyankatmukhi
  • Raga, Alpatav, Bahutav, Jati, Trivat
  • Ancient Period of Indian Music
  • Tanpura and sahayak nada
  • Music in ramayan and Mahabharat
  • Jaunpuri, Bhimplasi, MadhmadhSarang, kafi
  • Karnataka Music
  • Dance form India
  • Rabindra Music
  • Indian Institute of Music
  • Percussion Instruments
  • Tala System of Indian Music
  • Technical Terms Percussion Music: Laya, tala and its parts,Avartan,
  • Tukra, Mukhra, Tihayi, Vibhag, Sam
  • Marubihag, Miya kitodi, deshkar, kedar, malhar
  • Tanpura and its types
  • Bilaskhanitodi, Bhairav, Ragesgwari, ShudhSarang
  • Merits and demerits of music, AlaptiGan
  • Girijadevi, BadeGulam Ali Khan
  • Pt. Suresh Talvalkar, Zakir Husain
  • Moorchhana
  • Folk Instruments of North India
  • Folk Dances of India
  • Instruments of Indian
  • Natyashastra chapter 28,29
  • Musical Granths
  • Pt. Bhim Sen Joshi, PrabhaAtre, Pt. Jasraj
  • Introduction: What is Psychology? Understanding Mind and Behavior, Development of Psychology in India, Branches of Psychology, Themes of Research and Applications, Psychology and Other Disciplines, Psychologists at Work, Psychology in Everyday Life.
  • Methods of Psychology: Steps in Conducting Scientific Research, Alternative Paradigms of Research, Some Important Methods in Psychology and Ethical Issues , Research methods, Statistical tools used in Psychology.
  • Basics of Psychology: Life span development, Sensations, Perception, Learning and applications of Learning Principles; Memory, Forgetting, Thinking, Problem solving, Thought and Language, Communication, Motivation, Emotions; Intelligence; Personality;
  • Psychological Disorders: Therapeutic approaches; Nature, Types and Sources of Stress; Attitude; Counseling;
  • Social Psychology: Social influence and group process; Various Schools of psychology; Social cognition; Self and Personality.
Health And Nuntrition
  • Health: its objectives and spectrum,
  • Nutrition: Balanced diet and its components.Nutritional Deficiencies, Understanding of malnutrition and nutritional supplements.
  • Effects of smoking, alcohol, & drugs on health; prevention and rehabilitation.
  • First-aid: objectives and principles.
  • Obesity, BMI, Exercise and its benefits. Types of physical fitness,
  • Deficiency diseases, Vitamin and Minerals
History Of Physical Education
  • Physical education and adapted physical education, their objectives
  • Philosophies of education as applied to physical education,
  • Development of Physical education in Greece, Rome, Sweden, Foundation of physical education,
  • Ancient Olympics
Test, Measurement And Evaluation
  • Test, measurement and evaluation: their types and importance in physical education and sports. Principles and processes of evaluation in physical education.
  • Types of tests and construction of standard knowledge and skill tests.
  • Tests for fitness: Physical fitness, motor fitness, motor ability and motor educability. Health related fitness tests.
  • Test for fitness components: strength, endurance, speed, flexibility and coordinative abilities.
Curriculum Design And Pedagogy
  • Curriculum: concept, definitions, characteristics, need, types, principles, scope, defects of curriculum, curriculum development-, objectives, basic element of curriculum development, factors influence curriculum development.
  • Curriculum evaluation: purpose, types of evaluation, articulation and balance, steps of evaluation, guidelines of evaluation, problems of curriculum evaluation, types of curriculum evaluations, curriculum participants, criteria for norm refereed and criterion refereed evaluation, guidelines for curriculum evaluation.
Management In Physical Education & Sports
  • Management: its principles and theories. Scope of management in physical education and sports. Guiding principles for organizing physical education & sports program in institutions.
  • Personnel management: objectives and principles. Self-appraisal, communication skills and time management. Essential skills of administration.
  • Financial management: objectives, purposes, principles and scope. Planning and preparation of budget. Mechanics of purchase and auditing.
Physiology Of Exercise
  • Exercise physiology: its scope and importance in the field of physical education and sports.
  • Cardio respiratory adaptations to long and short term physical activities.
  • Muscle: its types , characteristics and functions. Microscopic structure of muscle fibre. Sliding filament theory of muscular contraction. Types of muscle fibres and sports performance. Muscular adaptations to exercise.
  • Neuro: muscular junction and transmission of nerve impulse, kinesthetic Sense organs and neural control of motor skills.
  • Bio: chemical aspects of exercise - Metabolism of food products. Aerobic and anaerobic systems during rest and exercise. Direct and indirect methods of measuring cost of energy.
  • Women in sports: trainability. Physiological gender differences and special problems of women athletes.
  • Aging: Physiological consequences, life style management and healthful aging.
  • Physiological responses of various therapeutic modalities and rehabilitation.
  • Physiological aspects of various Ergogenic aids. Massage manipulations and their physiological responses.
Kinesiology And Biomechanics
  • Kinesiology and biomechanics. Modern trends in biomechanics. Planes and Axes of human body. Joints and their movements.
  • Muscle attachments: Origin, insertion, action and leverage of the principal muscles used in sports.
  • Motion: its laws and their application in sports. Projectile and principles of projections
  • Linear and angular kinematics and kinetics.
  • Friction, Spin, impact and elasticity.
  • Air and water dynamics.
  • Mechanical advantage and applications of Levers in sports.
  • Posture and its deformities with their corrective exercises.
  • Kinesiological, Muscular and mechanical analyses of fundamental movements.
  • Mechanical analyses of major sports skills.
Sports Training
  • Sports training: its characteristics and principles. Training load, its features, principles and adaptation process. Means and methods of executing training load. Overload, its Causes, symptoms and remedial measures.
  • Strength: its characteristics, types of strength, factors determining strength and strength development.
  • Endurance: its characteristics, types of endurance, factors determining endurance and endurance development.
  • Speed: its characteristics, types of Speed, factors determining Speed and speed development.
  • Flexibility: its characteristics, types of flexibility, factors determining flexibility and flexibility development.
  • Coordinative abilities: its characteristics, types of coordinative abilities, factors determining coordinative abilities and development of coordinative abilities.
  • Technique and skill: its characteristics and importance. Different stages of technique development and technique training. Tactics and strategy.
  • Planning: its importance and principles. Types of planning.
  • Periodization: its importance, objectives and types of periodization. Concept of different periods - Preparatory, competition and transitional. Types of
  • Competition: Talent identification- process and procedure.
  • Management: its principles and theories. Scope of management in physical education and sports. Guiding principles for organizing physical education & sports programmes in institutions.
  • Personnel management: objectives and principles. Self-appraisal, communication skills and time management. Essential skills of administration.
  • Financial management: objectives, purposes, principles and scope. Planning and preparation of budget. Mechanics of purchase and auditing.
  • Supervision: objectives, principles and importance of supervision. Techniques of supervision. Duties and responsibilities of a supervisor.
  • Facility management: planning, procuring and maintenance of facilities- indoor and outdoor facilities. Planning and management of sports infrastructure.
  • Management of records.
Research In Physical Education
  • Research in physical education: its importance and classification. Ethical issues in research.
  • Methods of research: Descriptive, historical and experimental. Experimental research designs.
  • Identification and formulation of research problem. Types of research hypotheses and their formulation. Hypotheses testing.
  • Tools of research: Questionnaires, opinionnaires, interviews and observation.
  • Sources and steps of literature search: library, research data bases, internet- search engines, online journals. Note taking and critical reading.
  • Sampling Techniques: Probability and non probability.
  • Sociological Perspectives: Society and Sociology, Understanding Social institutions, Culture and Socialisation process
  • Research method in sociology: Ethnography, Archival Methods, Oral History, Interviews/ Case Studies, Content analysis, Survey Research, Statistical Methods, Social Experiments, PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal), Visual ethnography
  • Sociology in India: Caste-Structure and Change, Aspects of Rural Social Structure, Family, Kinship and Marriage, Religion in India
  • Sociology of development: Perspective of Development, State and market: Institutions and ideologies, The micro-politics of development
  • Industrial Sociology: Industrialisation, industrialism and post-industrial society, Employee organizations: Blue Collar, White Collar and Managers, Work organization and Alienation, Industrial Conflict and its Resolution
  • Sociology and Gender: Gender in Sociological Analysis, Reproduction, Sexuality and Ideology, Family, Work and Property, The Politics of Gender
  • Ancient History of India: Indus valley civilization, Vedic period, Mauryan Dynasty, Gupta period, Vardhan Dynasty, Rise of Rajputs, Pratiharas, Vakatakas and Rashrakutas, main dynasties of south India: Chola&Chalukya empire, Pandyas and Pallavas
  • Medieval History of India: Ghaznavi and Ghouri invasions, consolidation of the Delhi Sultanate: slave dynasty and Khalji dynasty, tughlaqs and lodhis, Foundation and consolidation of the Mughal Empire from Babur to Aurangzeb, decline of Mughal empire
  • Modern History of India: establishment of East India company, battle of Plassey and Buxar, consolidation of British rule, revolt of 1857, foundation of Congress (1885-1919), Rowlatt Act, Satyagraha, Khilafat Movement, Non-Cooperation movement, Civil Disobedience movement, Quit India Movement, Wavell Plan and Cabinet Mission, towards independence and partition
  • Meaning
  • Nature
  • Scope
  • Significance of public administration
Western Political thought
  • Plato
  • Aristotle
  • Social contract theories
  • Utilitarianism
  • Nicholas Machiavelli
  • Marxism
  • Socialism
  • Feminism
Political theories
  • Key Concepts in Political Theory : liberty, equality, rights, justice
  • Contemporary trends in Political Theory : (egalitarian-liberalism, libertarianism, communitarianism, republicanism, state and civil society, postmodern theories of power)
  • post-colonial theory
  • neoliberalism and the political theory of the market
  • different traditions of political theory
Indian Political Thought
  • The Indian Renaissance
  • Gandhian Thought
  • Ambedkar
  • Periyar
  • Nehru
International relations
  • Theories of International Politics
  • Emerging Issues (Human Rights, Environmentalism, Terrorism, Democratic expansion)
  • NAM
  • Look east and Act east policy
  • India and the UN
  • Regional organisations
Indian constitution
  • Preamble
  • Fundamental rights
  • Directive principles of state policy
  • Judiciary
  • Executive
  • Legislature
Comparative politics
  • Approaches to the study of comparative politics
  • Difference between comparative government and politics
  • Theories of State
  • Classifications of governments
  • Typology of states
  • Democracy

An attitude is a positive; negative or mixed evaluation of an object that is expressed at some level of intensity.

It is an expression of a favorable or unfavorable evaluation of a person, place, thing or event. These are fundamental determinants of our perceptions of, and actions toward all aspects of our social environment.

Attitudes involve a complex organization of evaluative beliefs, feelings, and tendencies toward certain actions.

Types of attitude

  • Cognitively-based: beliefs about an attitude object
  • Affectively-based: feelings towards an AO
  • Behaviorally-based: observations on how one behaves towards an AO

Origins of attitudes

  • Personal Experience (conditioning)
  • Social learning
  • Genetic Factors

Relationship between attitudes and behavior
Attitudes may mostly predict behavior but.

Why do attitudes sometimes inconsistently predict behavior?

  1. Situational factors: constraints that make it difficult to express your attitude
  2. Attitudinal factors :
    1. Attitude strength: more likely to follow through on strongly-held convictions
    2. Specificity: general attitudes don't predict behavior well
Components of attitudes

Attitudes about something are composed of different individual aspects/parts

Attitude functions

  1. Knowledge activation (tell us about a set of different but related objects)
  2. Identity (express who you are)
  3. Behavioral guide
Attitude component disagreement

e.g. love taste of chocolate, but think it's bad for body, hate to jog but think it's good for body

Consumnatory behavior (intrinsically-motivated)

such as eating, playing, sex: affective attitude (what we feel) component is better predictor

Instrumental behavior (extrinsically-motivated)

such as money, fame, good grades: cognitive attitude (what we think) component is better predictor

External Awareness

Understands and keeps up-to-date on local, national, and international policies and trends that affect the organization and shape stakeholders' views; is aware of the organization's impact on the externalenvironment.

  • Demonstrates an understanding of the organizations functions and responsibilities.
  • Considers organizations capabilities, mission, vision, values, and strategic goals and objectives in work efforts.
  • Knows capabilities, capacities and constraints of the organization.
  • Reviews external information and news to learn about political and social issues that might affect the organization.
  • Identifies individuals who have the technical expertise to respond to inquiries on specific topics.
  • Knows both when and how to effectively escalate issues that warrant immediate attention.
  • Uses discretion when handling sensitive matters/content.
  • Keeps current on formal and informal reporting relationships.
  • Identifies opportunities based on unique cultural needs.
  • Demonstrates an understanding of the interrelationships of foreign and domestic agencies and governments.
Customer Experience
  • Customer experience, also known as CX, is your customers' holistic perception of their experience with your business or brand. CX is the result of every interaction a customer has with your business, from navigating the website to talking to customer service and receiving the product/service they bought from you.
  • Customer experience implies customer involvement at different levels – such as rational, emotional, sensorial, physical, and spiritual. Customers respond diversely to direct and indirect contact with a company. Direct contact usually occurs when the purchase or use is initiated by the customer. Indirect contact often involves advertising, news reports, unplanned encounters with sales representatives, word-of-mouth recommendations or criticisms.
  • Customer experience encompasses every aspect of a company’s offering—the quality of customer care, but also advertising, packaging, product and service features, ease of use, and reliability Creating direct relationships in the place where customers buy, use and receive services by a business intended for customers such as instore or face to face contact with the customer which could be seen through interacting with the customer through the retail staff We then have indirect relationships which can take the form of unexpected interactions through a company's product representative, certain services or brands and positive recommendations – or it could even take the form of "criticism, advertising, news, reports" and many more along that line.

Communication is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules.

The main steps inherent to all communication are:

  1. The formation of communicative motivation or reason.
  2. Message composition (further internal or technical elaboration on what exactly to express).
  3. Message encoding (for example, into digital data, written text, speech, pictures, gestures and so on).
  4. Transmission of the encoded message as a sequence of signals using a specific channel or medium.
  5. Noise sources such as natural forces and in some cases human activity (both intentional and accidental) begin influencing the quality of signals propagating from the sender to one or more receivers.
  6. Reception of signals and reassembling of the encoded message from a sequence of received signals.
  7. Decoding of the reassembled encoded message.
  8. Interpretation and making sense of the presumed original message.

The capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behaviour of someone or something, or the effect itself. The word “influencer” is usually used in relation to media figures with large social media following. It is true that if one of them endorses a product, such as a new line of perfume or a movie, it is likely to impact the sales. These sales can be quantified and therefore one can confirm that these people are indeed influencers. This seems to validate an assumption that large social media following equals an influencer.


Personal accountability can be defined as taking ownership of one's thoughts, behaviors, actions, and performance. Someone who has developed a high level of personal accountability is resilient, resourceful, and honest. Importantly, you can count on them to follow through on the things they say they will do .Accountability has three tiers: First, it means doing what you say you're going to do. Second, it includes accepting responsibility if you are for some reason unsuccessful. Third, it drives the discussion for meeting or modifying an objective after failure.

Interpersonal Skills

Interpersonal skills are essential in customer service, and will, therefore, be practiced every day whilst working in the hospitality industry. Interpersonal skills are those gained by interacting with people around you. They are social skills such as empathy, negotiation, listening, creative thinking, patience, and tolerance. As the hospitality industry is customer-focused, staffs have to deal with multiple questions and problems every day. The ability to ‘think quickly on your feet’ is learned swiftly, so that staff can deal with these issues effectively. Problem-solving is also essential in order to manage your time and is closely related to the Interpersonal skill of the student.

Leadership: To Increased Productivity

By training your leaders in effective leadership skills, you can increase the productivity of your workforce. Leaders are there to provide direction to staff and ensure they are performing at or above expectations.

  • To Nurture Future Leaders
  • Leaders are meant to be the thought powerhouses to which employees and associates turn for advice and direction.
  • To Develop Better Emotional Intelligence
  • Emotional intelligence is one of the main personality traits that makes for a great leader.
  • Adaptability to Change
  • The business environment is constantly changing, and as such, leaders need to be able to recognise this change and adapt to it.
  • Leadership is the essence of all traits mention above

In order to stay relevant in today's world we all need to adjust to how customer demographics, attitudes and lifestyles are changing; while the cost of doing business is being redefined. Thus hospitality persons are like CHAMELEON. Adapt communication styles to different individuals in order to make sure that the message gets through. Be a master in written, visual and verbal communication. Adapt to different countries, culture, customs, mentality, etc; Develop human relationship skills. Learn to work under pressure, obtain a broad view of life. Become a better, more tolerant and more understanding human being.

Stress Management

In any industry the employee become stressed and affects the employees output in related area of work. But in hospitality industry the stress part is very crucial and can drastically affect his contribution and it can also result in workers becoming exhausted and cynical which can have negative effects on service delivery to guest Because the industry has long working hours, multicultural, multi disciplinary and multinational staff, co operation and co ordination with other departments, and language barrier staff can have stress. So we need proper questions to analyze how the students can express the ways of controlling his stress to perform tasks more efficiently.

Results Oriented

It is basically to describe an individual or organization that focuses on outcome rather than process used to produce a product or deliver a service. As such, a number of processes are used where the most effective and economical process is identified.

Conflict Resolution

To develop the skills of management by resolving the conflict between two parties and to find a peaceful resolution of the dispute by using different techniques of conflict resolution i.e.negotiation, Arbitration etc.


Initiative is all about taking charge. An initiative is the first in a series of actions. Initiative can also mean a personal quality that shows a willingness to get things done and take responsibility. An initiative is the start of something, with the hope that it will continue.

Customer Acquisition

Customer Acquisition means gaining new customers or existing prospects to become new customers for your business. The targeted customers are one who are not aware about your products and services or they have bought from your competitors.

Creative Thinking

Creative thinking is the ability to invent and/or create something new: be that a concept, a solution, a method, a work of art, or an actual, physical device. Creative thinking is based on looking at things in a new way that hasn't previously been considered.


Professionalism is the conduct, behaviour and attitude of someone in a work or business environment. A person doesn’t have to work in a specific profession to demonstrate the important qualities and characteristics of a professional. Professionalism leads to workplace success, a strong professional reputation and a high level of work ethic and excellence.

When we talk about professionalism in Tourism and Hospitality sector then it holds the maximum degree of importance to be followed. As the Industry is very dynamic and rapidly changing so to sustain and retain professionalism is the key to hold the sector in every aspect.

The tourism and hospitality sector a service oriented sector and it requires skilled professionals for understanding and reciprocating behaviour and consumer analysis in Hotel Industry, Guest Host Relationship, Travel Agent, Tour Guide, Tour Escort , Tour Manager so that the service would lead to a positive impact on the customer and guest which will be only possible by following professionalism parameter .

Change Management

Change management is a systematic approach to dealing with the transition or transformation of an organization's goals, processes or technologies. The purpose of change management is to implement strategies for effecting change, controlling change and helping people to adapt to change. Such strategies include having a structured procedure for requesting a change, as well as mechanisms for responding to requests and following them up. The change management process must take into consideration how an adjustment or replacement will impact processes, systems, and employees within the organization. There must be a process for planning and testing change, a process for communicating change, a process for scheduling and implementing change, a process for documenting change and a process for evaluating its effects. Documentation is a critical component of change management, not only to maintain an audit trail should a rollback become necessary but also to ensure compliance with internal and external controls, including regulatory compliance.


Environment refers all the conditions, circumstances, and influences surrounding, and affecting the development of, an organism or group of organisms.

Environment and Nature-based tourism is any type of tourism that relies on experiences directly related to natural attractions and includes ecotourism, adventure tourism, extractive tourism, wildlife tourism and nature retreats. India is working hard towards protecting its natural assets and sustaining its indigenous cultures. Tourism in India also supports and sustains local economies that are dependent on this revenue, by using local produce and creating economic opportunities for local communities.


Sustainability focuses on meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. The concept of sustainability is composed of three pillars: economic, environmental, and social—also known informally as profits, planet, and people.

Sustainable tourism, one that establishes a suitable balance between the environmental, economic and socio-cultural aspects of tourism development, plays an important role in conserving biodiversity. It attempts to minimize its impact on the environment and local culture so that it will be available for future generations, while contributing to generate income, employment, and the conservation of local ecosystems.

By doing so, sustainable tourism maximizes the positive contribution of tourism to biodiversity conservation and thus to poverty reduction and the achievement of common goals towards sustainable development.

Sustainable tourism provides crucial economic incentives for habitat protection. Revenues from visitor spending are often channelled back into nature conservation or capacity building programmes for local communities to manage protected areas.

Furthermore, tourism can be a key vehicle in raising awareness and fostering positive behaviour change for biodiversity conservation among the millions of people travelling the globe every year


At its simplest, ethics is a system of moral principles. They affect how people make decisions and lead their lives. Ethics is concerned with what is good for individuals and society and is also described as moral philosophy. The term is derived from the Greek word ethos which can mean custom, habit, character or disposition.

Ethics covers the following dilemmas:

  • how to live a good life
  • our rights and responsibilities
  • the language of right and wrong
  • Moral decisions - what is good and bad?

Our concepts of ethics have been derived from religions, philosophies and cultures. They infuse debates on topics like abortion, human rights and professional conduct.

Approaches to ethics

Philosophers nowadays tend to divide ethical theories into three areas: met ethics, normative ethics and applied ethics.

  • Meta-ethics deals with the nature of moral judgement. It looks at the origins and meaning of ethical principles.
  • Normative ethics is concerned with the content of moral judgements and the criteria for what is right or wrong.
  • Applied ethics looks at controversial topics like war, animal rights and capital punishment

History of Indian art: British colonial painting, Bengal School, Santiniketan School, Academic Realism and the establishment of Art colleges in colonial India, Progressive artists groups in Calcutta, Madras, Bombay and Delhi. Styles and schools of Indian modern art.Problems of Indian contemporary Art.

Notable Indian Artists and their contribution to the field of art: Abanindranath Tagore, Gagnendranath Tagore, Nandalal Bose, Jamini Roy, Amrita Shergil, Rabindranath Tagore, Binod Bihari Mukherjee, NirodMajumdar, N. S. Bendre, DhanrajBhagat, SudhirKhastgir, Chitta Prasad, KG Subramanium, HemenMajumdar , Paritosh Sen, Ganesh Paine, Ganesh Haloi, Bikash

Bhattacharya, ProkashKarmakar, RamanandaBandhopadhyay, Suhas Roy and SanatKar.

Indian aesthetics: General principles of Indian art, art and beauty, principles of image making (iconometry and other canons ), six limbs of Indian painting ( shadanga ) and six Chinese canons of painting, theories of Rasa, Dhvani, Alankara, Auchitya and Riti, and their relevance in understanding art making and viewing. Classification of painting in Chitrasutra.Concepts of Kshyavridhi, Guna-Dosha, Sadrishya, Vartana, Nimnonata, etc. Visible and invisible aspects of art ( Drishyam /Adrishyam ), Rekha ( Line ) and Linear rhythm ( Chanda ) compositional aspects of art, perspective, form and content.

History of western arts: Pre-historic art , Greek, Roman, Early Christian, Byzantine, Gothic, Renaissance, Mannerist, Baroque, Neo-Classicism, Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Symbolism, Fauvism, Cubism, -Expressionism, Futurism, Dadaism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Op-Art, Pop-Art and Minimalism.

Western aesthetics: Plato, Aristotle, Alberti, Vasari, Bellori, Reynolds, Diderot, Wincklemann, Croce and Tolstoy.Writing by artists and manifestos of modem art movements.Theory of Avant-Garde.Implication of theories of Semiotics, Structuralism, Post –structuralism, Post –modernism and Feminism on Art thinking and writing.

Drawing: Illustrations, life drawing,emotive drawing , analytical drawing, perspective and diagrametic drawing, geometric drawing. Basics of drawing and it's related equipments.

Painting: Basic elements of painting, Methods and kinds of painting, notable paintings

Sculpture: Process of sculpture making, Methods and kinds of sculpture, famous sculptures

Printmaking: Process of print making, mediums and techniques of printmaking.

Photography: Aperture, shutter speed, ISO speed, exposure, editing tools and techniques, different types of camera

Advertising & Design: Famous advertisements and creators, mediums of advertisements, creation of advertisement, process and editing tools for advertisements

Current affairs: Whos who Related to the field of arts

Important books: Of the field of art or written by famous art personality

Methods and Material: Medium and support, its source, access, color and uses, technique

Elements and design: How and what of Line , shape, color, value, form, texture and space

History of advertising: Who's who in the field of advertisement, famous advertiser, creators, top advertising companies

History of photography: History of camera and its evolution, iconic photographs, important names in photography

Introduction to fashion and design

  • Design philosophy,
  • Various types of design,
  • Historic context of fashion designing,
  • Technical terminology of fashion,
  • Fashion cycles,
  • Fashion theories,
  • Typology of garments, Clothing categories,
  • Color psychology,
  • Principle of design,
  • Art and Fashion,
  • Impact of globalization of cultures,
  • Industrial revolution and its impact on fashion design and textile industry,
  • Arts and crafts movement,
  • Design and social process,
  • Design and social change.

Fashion Retailing and Merchandising:

  • Retailing definition and Formats,
  • Fashion Merchandising: Definition, Process, functions.
  • Structure of clothing industry,
  • Overview of global garment industry (SWOT analysis),
  • Different departments and their roles in a garment factory,
  • Fashion trends and forecast,

Textile Science I (Fibers, yarn, Fabric)

  • Classification of textile fibers, fiber properties, manufacturing of man-made fibers
  • Spinning and Yarn classification
  • Weaving and woven textiles
  • Knitting and knit fabrics
  • Clothing care labels

Textile Science II (Wet processing in textile industry)

  • Pre treatmentprocess : singeing, desizing, scouring, carbonization, bleaching, OBA treatment, mercerization, degumming,
  • Dyes : types, classification, Application of dyes, dyeing techniques,
  • Textile dyeing machines, Dyeing defects and testing of color fastness properties, quality control in dyeing,
  • Textile printing, Printing process, advances in printing, quality control in printing,
  • Finishing : introduction, objectives, classification, types, mechanical finishing, chemical finishing, antimicrobial, antistatic, flame retardant, moth proof, soil repellant, durable press, pilling resistance, calendaring, quality control in finishing,
  • Post finishing : garment inspection, fabric care, stain types, common stains and their removal, packaging and care labels of textiles and apparels,
  • eco friendly processing of textiles, eco standards for textiles,
  • Textile auxiliaries: classification and use; eco-friendly auxiliaries.

Garment construction and Pattern Making

  • Garment terminology: types of skirts, trousers, jackets, tops,
  • Types of dress codes: Formal wear, casual wear, party wear, business wear, swim wear,
  • Design Details: Collars and details, Sleeves and cuffs,
  • Different types of necklines, Pocket and details.
  • Techniques of pattern making and draping - incorporating style lines and fullness; principles of contouring, surplice/off shoulder and halter designs; built-in necklines, cowls and collars; skirts, advanced sleeve variations, exaggerated armholes, pockets, bias cut dresses; jackets, types of pants; pattern adoption to knits.
  • Sustainability and textile industry.

Types of plans

City Development Plan, Master Plan, Structure Plan, Action Area Plan, Zonal Plan, Town Planning Scheme, Planning process, Regional Plan, Salient concepts, principles of urban planning and theories, Emerging concepts of cities - Smart City, Eco-City, SEZ, Transit Oriented Development (TOD). Sustainable urban development, Development guidelines such as URDPFI, Planning Legislation and implementation - Local self-governance, Land Acquisition Act, PPP etc.

Planning Techniques and Management:

Tools and techniques of Surveys - Topographical, Physical, Land use and Socioeconomic Surveys, Methods of non-spatial & spatial data analysis, Application of G.I.S & Remote Sensing techniques in urban and regional planning, Land Utilization, Land Use Pattern in India, Land Degradation and Conservation Measures, Soil as a Resource, Classification of Soils, Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation

Organisation and Presentation of data

Sources of data - primary and secondary; Sampling; some important sources of secondary data: Census of India and National Sample Survey Organisation. Organisation of Data: Meaning and types of variables; Frequency Distribution. Presentation of Data: Tabular Presentation and Diagrammatic Presentation of Data

Urban Infrastructure

Water treatment, Principles of water supply and sanitation systems, Water supply and distribution system, Sewage disposal methods, Water harvesting systems, Planning, Principles and Design of storm water drainage system, Recycling and Reuse of solid waste, Methods of solid waste management - transportation, collection and disposal, Power Supply and Communication Systems, design, network and guidelines.


Road capacity, Process and Principles of Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering, Traffic survey methods, Traffic analyses and design considerations, Traffic flow characteristics, Travel demand forecasting, Intelligent Transportation Systems, Hierarchy of roads and level of service, Pedestrian and slow-moving traffic planning and Paratransit and other modes of transportation.

Disaster Management

Disaster management cycle, Floods, Cloudbursts, Droughts: types and impact, Earthquakes and Tsunami, Cyclones: features and impact, Landslides

Indian Constitution and Administration

Guiding Values of the Indian Constitution, Policy decision making process; 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act

Sectors of the Indian Economyand Globalization

Sectors of Economic Activities, Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sectors in India, organized and unorganized, Foreign Trade and integration of markets, Globalization. Industries: Contribution of Industry to National Economy, Classification of Industries, Industrial pollution and environmental degradation, Control of Environmental Degradation

Poverty as a Challenge

Poverty Estimates, Vulnerable Groups, Interstate disparities, Causes of Poverty, Anti-poverty measures,

Estimating, Costing and Valuation:

Estimate, analysis of rates, methods and unit of measurement, Items of work – earthwork, Brick work (Modular & Traditional bricks), RCC work, Shuttering, Timber work, Painting, Flooring, Plastering.


Principles of surveying, measurement of distance, chain surveying, plane table surveying, theodolite, Levelling.

Project Planning

Project life cycle, project formulation and appraisal, Critical Path Method (CPM), Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT)

Architecture and Design Visual composition in 2D and 3D:

  • Principles of Art and Architecture; Organization of space; Architectural Graphics;
  • Computer Graphics– concepts of CAD, BIM, 3D modelling and Architectural rendition; Programming languages and automation.
  • Anthropometrics; Planning and design considerations for different building types;
  • Site planning; Circulation- horizontal and vertical; Barrier free design; Space Standards; Building Codes - National Building Code.
  • History of architecture - Elements, construction, architectural styles and examples of different periods of Indian and Western History of Architecture; Oriental, Vernacular and Traditional architecture; Architectural developments since Industrial Revolution; Influence of modern art on architecture; Art nouveau, Eclecticism, International styles, Post Modernism, Deconstruction in architecture; Recent trends in Contemporary Architecture; Works of renowned national and international architects.

Environmental Planning and Design:

  • Ecosystem- natural and man-made ecosystem;
  • Ecological principles; Concepts of Environmental Impact Analysis;
  • Environmental considerations in planning and design; Thermal comfort, ventilation and air movement; Principles of lighting and illumination;
  • Climate responsive design; Solar architecture; Principles of architectural acoustics;
  • Green Building- Concepts and Rating; ECBC; Building Performance Simulation and Evaluation;
  • Environmental pollution- types, causes, controls and abatement strategies.

Urban Design:

  • Concepts and theories of urban design; Public Perception; Townscape; Public Realm; Urban design interventions for sustainable development and transportation;
  • Historical and modern examples of urban design; Public spaces, character, spatial qualities and Sense of Place;
  • Elements of urban built environment – urban form, spaces, structure, pattern, fabric, texture, grain etc;
  • Principles, tools and techniques of urban design; Urban renewal and conservation; Site planning; Landscape design;
  • Development controls – FAR, densities and building byelaws.

Urban Planning and Housing:

  • Planning process and its types;
  • Types of plans - Master Plan, City Development Plan, Structure Plan, Zonal Plan, Action Area Plan, Town Planning Scheme, Regional Plan;
  • Salient concepts, theories and principles of urban planning; Sustainable urban development;
  • Emerging concepts of cities - Eco-City, Smart City, Transit Oriented Development (TOD), SEZ, SRZ etc.
  • Housing; Concepts, principles and examples of neighbourhood; Housing typologies; Slums; Affordable Housing; Housing for special areas and needs; Residential densities; Standards for housing and community facilities; National Housing Policies, Programs and Schemes.

Planning Techniques and Management:

  • Tools and techniques of Surveys – Physical, Topographical, Landuse and Socioeconomic Surveys;
  • Methods of non-spatial and spatial data analysis; Graphic presentation of spatial data; Application of G.I.S and Remote Sensing techniques in urban and regional planning; Decision support system and Land Information System.
  • Urban Economics - Law of demand and supply of land and its use in planning; Social, Economical and environmental cost benefit analysis; Techniques of financial appraisal;
  • Management of Infrastructure Projects - Development guidelines such as URDPFI;
  • Planning Legislation and implementation – Land Acquisition Act, PPP etc.; Local self-governance.

Services, Infrastructure and Transportation Building Services:

  • Types of services - Water supply; Sewerage and drainage systems; Sanitary fittings and fixtures; Plumbing systems; Principles of internal and external drainage system;
  • Principles of electrification of buildings; Intelligent Buildings; Elevators and Escalators - standards and uses; Air-Conditioning systems; Firefighting Systems; Building Safety and Security systems.
  • Urban Infrastructure – Transportation, Water Supply, Sewerage, Drainage, Solid Waste Management, Electricity and Communications. Process and Principles of Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering; Road capacity; Traffic survey methods; Traffic flow characteristics; Traffic analyses and design considerations; Travel demand forecasting; Land-use – transportation - urban form inter-relationships; Design of roads, intersections, grade separators and parking areas; Hierarchy of roads and level of service; Traffic and transport management and control in urban areas,; Mass transportation planning; Paratransits and other modes of transportation, Pedestrian and slow moving traffic planning; Intelligent Transportation Systems.
  • Principles of water supply and sanitation systems; water treatment; Water supply and distribution system; Water harvesting systems; Principles, Planning and Design of storm water drainage system; Sewage disposal methods;
  • Methods of solid waste management - collection, transportation and disposal; Recycling and Reuse of solid waste; Power Supply and Communication Systems, network, design and guidelines.

Building Materials, Construction and Management:

  • Behavioural characteristics and applications of different building materials viz. mud, timber, bamboo, brick, concrete, steel, glass, FRP, AAC, different polymers, composites.
  • Building construction techniques, methods and details;
  • Building systems and prefabrication of building elements; Principles of Modular Coordination;
  • Estimation, specification, valuation, professional practice; Construction planning and equipment;
  • Project management techniques e.g. PERT, CPM etc.

Building and Structures Principles of strength of materials:

  • Design of structural elements in wood, steel and RCC; Elastic and Limit State design;
  • Structural systems in RCC and Steel; Form and Structure; Principles of Pre-stressing;
  • High Rise and Long Span structures, gravity and lateral load resisting systems;
  • Principles and design of disaster resistant structures.

Foundation Art:

  • Introduction to art,
  • Purposes of Art, Art and morality,
  • Indian art and Concept of art and classification of art.
  • Drawing Fundamentals
  • Foreshortening & Perspective
  • Visual Elements: Line / Shape / Form / Mass / Value / Colour / Texture.
  • Principles of Design: Balance / Unity / Variety / Emphasis / Direction / Movement / Scale / Proportion / Repetition
  • Story Pictures and Visualisation,
  • Visual Logic & Pictograms,
  • Exercises on imagination.

Communication Concepts:

  • Elements in the Process of Communication (Input, sender, channel, Noise, receiver, output)
  • Functions of Communication,
  • Forms and Method of Communication,
  • Effects of Communication,
  • Types of Communication

Visual Communication:

  • Basics of Visual Communication,
  • Mass Communication,
  • The World of Print Media,
  • Electronic mediums,
  • Elements of a Film,
  • The Current Film Landscape,
  • Narrative Elements in Film,
  • Stories, Conflict and Characters,
  • Background and Concept, Movie Genres,
  • Film and TV production basics,
  • Evolution of advertising,
  • Types of advertisements,
  • New Media and Convergence.

Computer Fundamentals:

  • History of computers,
  • The parts of a computer system,
  • Operating system,
  • Types and uses of application software,
  • Fundamental file management,
  • Audio and video formats,
  • Introduction to internet,
  • Communications and Networks

Computer Graphics:

  • Digital Image Fundamentals,
  • Introduction to computer animation,
  • Colour theory for computer,
  • Digital Publishing,
  • Typographic Design,
  • Video production,
  • Sound principles,
  • Basic concepts of Visual effects and computer games,
  • Happening in media and entertainment industry.


  • Meaning
  • Nature
  • Scope
  • Significance of public administration
  • Public and Private Administration

Evolution of public administration:

  • Evolution of public administration as a discipline
  • New public administration
  • New Public Management
  • Good Governance
  • E-Governance

Principles of Organization:

  • Hierarchy
  • Span of Control
  • Unity of Command
  • Line and Staff Agencies
  • Supervision
  • Coordination
  • Centralisation and Decentralisation

Theories approaches of Public Administration:

  • scientific management Theory
  • Classical theory
  • bureaucratic theory
  • human relation theory
  • behavioral approach
  • system approach

Civil Services in India

  • Civil Services in India
  • Classification
  • Recruitment
  • Training
  • Promotion
  • UPSC

Public Financial Administration:

  • Meaning, Nature and Scope of Public Financial Administration
  • Types of Budget
  • Principles of budget
  • Process of Budget
  • Finance Commission

Indian Administration:

  • Constitutional Provisions
  • Central Administration
  • State Administration
  • District Administration
  • Local Administration
  • Control over Administration
  • Visualization and spatial ability: Pictorial and diagrammatic questions to test the understanding of transformation and/or manipulation of elements of design and their spatial relationships.
  • Environmental and social awareness: General awareness of environmental factors (such as climate, population, water, vegetation, pollution, weather, natural resources) and their implications on the design of products, images, infrastructure and environment. Awareness of design terminologies, social and cultural connection with design, history of the designed artefact, and socially responsible and environmentally sustainable design responses. History of art, sculpture and literature.
  • Analytical and logical reasoning: Ability to analyse given information logically and select the most appropriate solutions;
    ability to weigh opinions, arguments or solutions against appropriate criteria;
    ability to use logic and structured thinking to deduce from a short passage, which of a number of statements is the most accurate response to a posed question.
  • Language and creativity: Ability to develop/narrate stories in commonly used English language;
    ability to think creatively in terms of alternatives;
    ability to distinguish innovative options and think out-of-the-box.
  • Design thinking and problem solving: Ability to understand the context, the users, human factors and the constraints and select the most appropriate solution for a given design problem.
  • Observation and design sensitivity: Ability to detect concealed properties in day-to-day life and think critically about them.
    Ability to discern subtle differences in visual properties and aesthetic outcomes.
  • Databases: Keys, Normalization, SQL Basic commands and basics of backup and recovery.
  • Programming: Basics of C-Language, Basics of OOPS, Arrays, Stacks, Pointers, Inorder, Preorder, Postorder, Binary Trees, Linked Lists, Searching and sorting.
  • System Architecture: Number conversions, Microprocessor architecture, Register, ALU, RISC/CISC, Hardware Knowledge.
  • Software Engineering: Basics of OS, Basics of UML, Prototyping, Deadlocks, RAD Model, SDLC, Complexity, Testing and Maintenance.
  • Networks: OSI, TCP/IP, Networking devices, IPv4/IPv6, Error detection and correction.
  • Accounting- An Introduction to Business transactions, Book-keeping, Accounting and its branches, Objectives of Financial Accounting. Accounting Terminology. Accounting Equation, Accounting Concepts and Conventions. Accounting in Computerized Environment. IND-AS & IFRS: Introductory Framework.
  • Accounting for Partnership Firms - Fundamentals, Admission of a Partner, Retirement/Death of a Partner, Dissolution of partnership firm.
  • Corporate Accounting: Issue and Forfeiture of Equity, Bonus Shares, Contents of Financial Statements.
  • Elements of Cost. Classification of costs,
  • Statement of Cost.
  • Material: Purchase, Storage and Control of Material, Stock Levels, Inventory, Control Techniques. Methods of Pricing Material Issues.
  • Standard Costing.
  • Marginal Costing.
  • Allocation and Absorption of overheads.
  • Nature and Scope – Difference between Cost Accounting, Financial Accounting and Management accounting – Recent Trends in Management Reporting
  • Tools of Financial Analysis-Trend Analysis, Common Size Financial Statements and Comparative Financial Statements
  • Ratio Analysis
  • Cash Flow statement
  • Finance & Financial Management - Meaning, Aims & Scope, Functions and Sources,
  • Cost of Capital and Capital Structure decisions
  • Dividend Policy (Including Models)
  • Capital Budgeting: Planning and Evaluation of Projects excluding Risk and Uncertainty
  • Working Capital Management: Computation of Working capital requirements, Financing of Working Capital, Inventory Management
  • Introduction to Micro and Macro Economics: Definitions and scope of economics, Nature of economics, Central economic problem, Production possible curve.
  • Consumer Behaviour: Utility Approach-Brief Outline of Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility and Law of Equi-marginal Utility. Indifference curve approach: Consumer Equilibrium, Law of Demand.
  • Price elasticity of Demand and its Measurement.
  • Concept of Production Function: Breakeven analysis, Profit Forecasting in Short Run, Law of Variable Proportion.
  • Concept of Cost and Revenue: Short Run and Long Run Cost Curve, Concept of Total Average and Marginal Revenue, Relationship between Average Revenue, Marginal Revenue and Elasticity of Demand and Price.
  • Determination of Price: Determination of Price under Perfect competition, Monopoly and Monopolistic Competition, Price Discrimination.
  • Determination of Income and Employment: Aggregate Demand and its components, Short run equilibrium output, Investment multiplier, Full employment and involuntary unemployment. Excess and Deficit demand.
  • Management: Introduction, Meaning, Nature and Characteristics, Scope and Functional Areas of Management, Management as a Science, Art and Profession, Management and Administration, Management as a Process, Management Principles Planning:, Planning Process, Management by Objectives
  • Organising: Types, Principles of Organization, Committees, Span of Control, Delegation, Decentralization
  • Staffing-meaning, importance and functions of Staffing
  • Direction: Meaning and Theories of Leadership
  • Communication
  • Motivation: Theory X and Y and Maslow Need Hierarchy Theory, Herzberg Theory of motivation.
  • Leadership: meaning, importance and types.
  • Control: Meaning Features & Principles of Control.
  • Introduction to Statistics: Definition, Scope, Function and Limitations of Statistics
  • Measures of Central Tendency: Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic Mean, Median
  • Mode Measures of Dispersion: Range, Quartile Deviation, Mean Deviation, Standard Deviation, Coefficient of Variation
  • Correlation Analysis: Simple Correlation between Two Variables (grouped and ungrouped data), Rank Correlation
  • Simple Regression Analysis
  • Sampling and Sampling Techniques
  • Indian Contract Act,1872
    Contract – Meaning, Characteristics and kinds, Essentials of valid contract - Offer and acceptance, consideration, contractual capacity, free consent. Discharge of contract – Modes of discharge Breach of Contracts and its remedies. Contract of Indemnity and Guarantee Contract of Bailment & Pledge, Contract of Agency
  • Sale Of Goods Act,1930
    Contract of sale, meaning and difference between sale and agreement to sell., Conditions and warranties, Transfer of ownership in goods including sale by non-owners, Performance of contract of sale, Unpaid seller – meaning and rights of an unpaid seller against the goods and the buyer.
  • Introduction To Company and Kinds of Companies,
  • Formation Of A Company,
  • Company Administration: Key Managerial Personnel
  • Corporate Meetings
  • Takeover and acquisitions of minority interest
  • Winding up: Concept –modes of winding up –who can apply –procedures under different modes
  • Basic Concepts
  • Residence and Scope of Total Income, Incomes which do not form part of Total Income
  • Salaries
  • Capital Gains
  • Income from Other Sources
  • Deductions from Gross Total Income
  • Tax Deduction at Source
  • Databases: Keys, Normalization, SQL Basic commands and basics of backup and recovery.
  • Programming: Basics of C-Language, Basics of OOPS, Arrays, Stacks, Pointers, Inorder, Preorder, Postorder, Binary Trees, Linked Lists, Searching and sorting.
  • System Architecture: Number conversions, Microprocessor architecture, Register, ALU, RISC/CISC, Hardware Knowledge.
  • Software Engineering: Basics of OS, Basics of UML, Prototyping, Deadlocks, RAD Model, SDLC, Complexity, Testing and Maintenance.
  • Networks: OSI, TCP/IP, Networking devices, IPv4/IPv6, Error detection and correction.
  • Microeconomics: Utility Analysis, Demand and Supply Analysis, Elasticity, Production, Cost and Revenue, Market Structure-Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly.
  • Macroeconomics: National income, Circular Flow of Income, Classical Theory, Consumption function, Investment, Keynesian Theory, Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy, Balance of Payment, Money and Banking.
  • Statistical Methods and Quantitative Techniques: Data collection, Central Tendency, Dispersion, Correlations, Regression, Matrix, Differenation, Integration, Maxima and Minima.
  • Indian Economy: Structure of Indian Economy, Planning in India, Basic Issues in Agriculture, Issues in Industrial Development, External Sector.
  • Public Finance: Nature and Scope of Public Finance, Taxable Capacity, Direct vs. Indirect Taxes, Incidence of Taxation, Public Debt.
  • Economics of development: Human Development index, Dualistic Development, Lewis Model of Unlimited Supply of Labour, Development Strategies, Capital formation.
Unit 1: Literary Terms
  • Style
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Plot
  • Character
  • Hero
  • Protagonist
  • Antagonist
  • Verse
  • Prose
  • Drama
  • Novel
  • Ballad
  • Elegy
  • Ode
  • Sonnet
Unit 2: Literary Movements
  • Symbolism
  • Modernism
  • Feminism
  • Postmodernism
  • Romanticism
  • Realism
  • Existentialism
Unit 3: The Prologue to Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
  • Knight
  • Monk
  • The Wife of Bath
  • The Host
  • Social Relevance
Unit 4: William Shakespeare
  • Popular Works
  • Shakespearean Sonnet
  • The Merchant of Venice
Unit 6: Romantic & Victorian Literature
  • William Wordsworth: “Daffodils”, “She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways”
  • Charles Dickens: Great Expectations
Unit 7: Modern and Contemporary literature
  • W.B.Yeats : “The Wild Swans at Coole”
  • Rabindranath Tagore: “Where the mind is Without Fear”
  • R.K.Narayan: Swami and Friends
  • Grammar: Parts of speech – Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Adverb, Verb, Preposition, Conjunction Interjection; Tenses – Present, Past and Future Tense in Active and Passive Form; Modal Verbs – Can, Could, May, might, Should, Will, would, punctuation, independent and dependent clauses, sentence and its types, determiners
  • Associative Language Skills: Vocabulary – Antonyms, Synonyms, Homonyms, Homographs, one-word substitution, Word Analogies, Idioms and Phrases.
  • Common Errors: Sentence Correction and Error Finding Exercises.
  • Comprehension Passages: Closed and Open paragraphs, identifying key ideas or theme.
  • Earth’s interior, rocks and mass movements
  • Geomorphic agents and processes
  • Methods of showing relief and weather data
  • Map Projections
  • Remote Sensing and GIS in cartography
  • Atmospheric Temperature, moisture and precipitation
  • Atmospheric pressure and winds
  • Climate classifications
  • Distribution of temperature and salinity of oceans and seas
  • Ocean currents
  • Distribution and Density of population
  • Industrial development and Indian economy
  • Regional disparity; poverty, population explosion, globalization
  • Classification of resources
  • Emerging environmental issues
  • Fauna and flora of different ecosystem
  • Salient features of human settlements
  • Basics of regionalization
  • Natural and cultural region
  • Classification of industries
  • Reporting;
  • News and TV Journalism;
  • Basics of internet;
  • Social networking sites as infocom tool;
  • Web Page Development;
  • History of Film;
  • Genres of the Film;
  • Cinema in world;
  • Pre and post-independence journalism in India;
  • History of radio and television;
  • Elements and Models of communication;
  • Theories of mass communication; Introduction to communication;
  • Role of the mass media;
  • International Relation; Advertising and Printing;
  • Mass Communication Theories;
  • Introduction to international system;
  • History of media;
  • International history of media;
  • Basic history of cinema;
  • Asthetics of Pre Production stage: Plot, script writing, screenplay, production Design;
  • Asthetics of Production stage: Camera shots, camera angles, camera movements, Direction basics, Cinematography basics; Asthetics of Post Production stage : Basic Editing information, Basic sound information, Basic sound Design information

General Aptitude: Numbers, Percentage, Profit, Loss & Discount, Ratio & Proportion, Simple & Compound Interest, Permutation& Combination & Probability, Time & Distance, Boats & Streams, Races & Games, Time & Work, Pipes & Cistern, Calendar & Clocks, Area, Series completion & Coding – Decoding & Alphabet test, Direction sense test & Blood relations &arrangements, Syllogism, Number, Ranking & Time sequence test, Arithmetical reasoning, Inserting the missing character, Data sufficiency, Cubes and dice, Non-verbal reasoning.

General Awareness: Indian History, Indian Politics, Indian Economy, Financial and Economic news, Budget and National Plan, Who is Who, Sports Events, Books and Authors, Awards and Honours, Science Invention and Discoveries, Abbreviations, Important Days and Weeks, International and National Organizations, Current National and International Affairs.