Grammar: Parts of speech – Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Adverb, Verb, Preposition, Conjunction Interjection; Tenses – Present, Past and Future Tense in Active and Passive Form; Modal Verbs – Can, Could, May, might, Should, Will, Would.
Associative Language Skills: Vocabulary – Antonyms, Synonyms, One word substitution, Word Analogies, Idioms and Phrases
Common Errors : Sentence Correction and Error Finding Exercises
Comprehension Passages :Closed and Open paragraphs, identifying key ideas or theme.
Components of Computer: Components of PC, The system unit, Front part of system Unit Back part of system Unit
CPU and Memory: CPU (Central Processing Unit) and Memory of computer
Computer Peripherals: Monitor Mouse, Keyboard, Disk, Printer, Scanner, Modem, Video, Sound cards, Speakers
Familiarity with Windows 2000/XP: Working with window, Desktop Components of window, Menu bar option
Navigating in Windows: Starting window getting familiar with desktop Moving from one window to another Reverting windows to its previous size
Working with Windows and Shortcuts: Opening task bar buttons into a windows creating shortcut of program Quitting windows
GUI based applications: Application Using MS Office 2000 & Open Office.Org Menus
Working with menus: Menus Opening of menus, Toolbars: standard toolbars, formatting toolbars & closing of menus Quitting Document, Editing & designing your document
Spreadsheets and working with Excel: Spreadsheets Working & Manipulating data with Excel, Changing the layout
Graphs in PowerPoint Presentations: Working with simple graphs & Presentation, Working With PowerPoint and Presentation
Internet and its Requirements: What is Internet, Equipment Required for Internet connection
Email and WWW: Sending &receiving Emails, Browsing the WWW
Creating Email account, Chatting: Creating own Email Account, Internet chatting
Computer Applications in various Domains: Computer application in Offices, book publication, data analysis, accounting, investment, inventory control, graphics
Managing and Analysing Data: Use in database management, Instrumentation, Airline and railway ticket reservation, robotics, artificial intelligence
Usage of computer in other domains: Use in military, banks, design and research work, real-time, point of sale terminals, financial transaction terminals.
Impact of Computers: Impact of computer on society Social responsibilities
Use of IT: Applications of IT, Impact of IT
Ethics and information technology: Ethics and information technology
Future with IT: Future with information technology
Real numbers Euclid’s division lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic - Proofs of results - irrationality of √2, √3, √5, decimal expansions of rational numbers in terms of terminating/non-terminating recurring decimals.
Polynomials Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials. Statement and simple problems on division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients.
Pair of linear equations in two variables Pair of linear equations in two variables and their graphical solution. Geometric representation of different possibilities of solutions/inconsistency.
Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically - by substitution, by elimination and by cross multiplication method. Simple situational problems. Simple problems on equations reducible to linear equations.
Triangles Definitions, examples, counter examples of similar triangles.
Introduction to trigonometry Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle. Proof of their existence motivate the ratios whichever are defined at 0° and 90°. Values (with proofs) of the trigonometric ratios of 30°, 45° and 60°.
Statistics Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided). Cumulative frequency graph.
Quadratic equations Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2+bx+c=0, (a ≠ 0). Solution of the quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, by completing the square and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots. Situational problems based on quadratic equations.
Arithmetic Progressions Arithmetic Progression, Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of A.P. and their application in solving problems.
Circles Tangents to a circle by chords drawn from points.
Trigonometrical Identities: Relationships between the ratios. Proof and applications of the identity sin2A + cos2A = 1. Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles.
Heights and distances: Problems on heights and distances. Angles of elevation / depression.
Probability: Classical definition of probability, problems on single events.
Lines Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula. Section formula (internal division). Area of a triangle.
Areas related to circles: Area of a circle; area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter / circumference of the plane figures. (Plane figures involving triangles, simple quadrilaterals and circle.)
Surface areas and volumes (i) Problems on finding surface areas and volumes of combinations of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.
(ii) Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems.
Numbers, Percentage, Profit, Loss & Discount, Ratio & Proportion, Simple & Compound Interest, Permutation& Combination & Probability, Time & Distance, Boats & streams, Races & Games, Time & Work, Pipes & Cistern, Calendar & Clocks, Area, Series completion & Coding – Decoding & Alphabet test, Direction sense test & Blood relations &arrangements, Syllogism, Number, Ranking & Time sequence test, Arithmetical reasoning, Inserting the missing character, Data sufficiency, Cubes and dice, Non-verbal reasoning.
Indian History, Indian Politics, Indian Economy, Financial and Economic News, Budget and National Plans, Who is Who, Sports Events, Books and Authors, Awards & Honours, Science Invention and Discoveries, Abbreviations, Important Days and Weeks, International and National Organizations, Current National and International Affairs.
Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification.
Refraction: Laws of refraction, refractive index, Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula (Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens, Functioning of a lens in human eye, Defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses, Refraction of light through a prism, Dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.
Effects of current: Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.
Magnetic effects of current: Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule. Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits.
Sources of energy: Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of Energy.
Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.
Acids, bases and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH- ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale(Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of sodium hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris
Metals and non-metals: Properties of metals and non-metals, reactivity series, formation and properties of ionic compounds, basic metallurgical processes, corrosion and its prevention.
Carbon compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.
Periodic classification of elements: Need for classification, Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.
Life processes: "Living being", Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals. Tropic movements in plants, Introduction to plant hormones, control and co-ordination in animals: nervous system; voluntary, involuntary and reflex action, chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.
Reproduction: Reproduction in animal and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need for and methods of family planning. safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.
Heredity and evolution: Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution.
Conservation of natural resources: Management of natural resources. Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wild life, coal and petroleum conservation. Examples of People’s participation for conservation of natural resources.
The Regional environment and our environment: Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives if any, Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources. Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.